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Supplementary Figure S1 from Whole-Genome Sequencing of Asian Lung Cancers: Second-Hand Smoke Unlikely to Be Responsible for Higher Incidence of Lung Cancer among Asian Never-Smokers

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posted on 2023-03-30, 22:27 authored by Vidhya G. Krishnan, Philip J. Ebert, Jason C. Ting, Elaine Lim, Swee-Seong Wong, Audrey S.M. Teo, Yong G. Yue, Hui-Hoon Chua, Xiwen Ma, Gary S.L. Loh, Yuhao Lin, Joanna H.J. Tan, Kun Yu, Shenli Zhang, Christoph Reinhard, Daniel S.W. Tan, Brock A. Peters, Stephen E. Lincoln, Dennis G. Ballinger, Jason M. Laramie, Geoffrey B. Nilsen, Thomas D. Barber, Patrick Tan, Axel M. Hillmer, Pauline C. Ng

Validation of mutation signatures based on somatic variants, identified via RNA sequencing, among 83 Korean lung adenocarcinoma patients (47 smokers and 36 never-smokers) in another study [28].



Asian nonsmoking populations have a higher incidence of lung cancer compared with their European counterparts. There is a long-standing hypothesis that the increase of lung cancer in Asian never-smokers is due to environmental factors such as second-hand smoke. We analyzed whole-genome sequencing of 30 Asian lung cancers. Unsupervised clustering of mutational signatures separated the patients into two categories of either all the never-smokers or all the smokers or ex-smokers. In addition, nearly one third of the ex-smokers and smokers classified with the never-smoker–like cluster. The somatic variant profiles of Asian lung cancers were similar to that of European origin with G.C>T.A being predominant in smokers. We found EGFR and TP53 to be the most frequently mutated genes with mutations in 50% and 27% of individuals, respectively. Among the 16 never-smokers, 69% had an EGFR mutation compared with 29% of 14 smokers/ex-smokers. Asian never-smokers had lung cancer signatures distinct from the smoker signature and their mutation profiles were similar to European never-smokers. The profiles of Asian and European smokers are also similar. Taken together, these results suggested that the same mutational mechanisms underlie the etiology for both ethnic groups. Thus, the high incidence of lung cancer in Asian never-smokers seems unlikely to be due to second-hand smoke or other carcinogens that cause oxidative DNA damage, implying that routine EGFR testing is warranted in the Asian population regardless of smoking status. Cancer Res; 74(21); 6071–81. ©2014 AACR.

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