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00085472can042434-sup-can042434suppl2b.mov (16.83 MB)

Supplementary Video 2B from Inhibition of Chk1 by CEP-3891 Accelerates Mitotic Nuclear Fragmentation in Response to Ionizing Radiation

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posted on 2023-03-30, 16:23 authored by Randi G. Syljuåsen, Claus Storgaard Sørensen, Jesper Nylandsted, Claudia Lukas, Jiri Lukas, Jiri Bartek
Supplementary Video 2B from Inhibition of Chk1 by CEP-3891 Accelerates Mitotic Nuclear Fragmentation in Response to Ionizing Radiation

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The human checkpoint kinase Chk1 has been suggested as a target for cancer treatment. Here, we show that a new inhibitor of Chk1 kinase, CEP-3891, efficiently abrogates both the ionizing radiation (IR)-induced S and G2 checkpoints. When the checkpoints were abrogated by CEP-3891, the majority (64%) of cells showed fragmented nuclei at 24 hours after IR (6 Gy). The formation of nuclear fragmentation in IR-treated human cancer cells was directly visualized by time-lapse video microscopy of U2-OS cells expressing a green fluorescent protein-tagged histone H2B protein. Nuclear fragmentation occurred as a result of defective chromosome segregation when irradiated cells entered their first mitosis, either prematurely without S and G2 checkpoint arrest in the presence of CEP-3891 or after a prolonged S and G2 checkpoint arrest in the absence of CEP-3891. The nuclear fragmentation was clearly distinguishable from apoptosis because caspase activity and nuclear condensation were not induced. Finally, CEP-3891 not only accelerated IR-induced nuclear fragmentation, it also increased the overall cell killing after IR as measured in clonogenic survival assays. These results demonstrate that transient Chk1 inhibition by CEP-3891 allows premature mitotic entry of irradiated cells, thereby leading to accelerated onset of mitotic nuclear fragmentation and increased cell death.

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