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00085472can111531-sup-video_1_avi_3188k.avi (3.11 MB)

Supplementary Video 1 from Dishevelled 2 Signaling Promotes Self-Renewal and Tumorigenicity in Human Gliomas

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posted on 2023-03-30, 20:42 authored by Teodoro Pulvirenti, Maartje Van Der Heijden, Leif A. Droms, Jason T. Huse, Viviane Tabar, Alan Hall

AVI file - 3.1MB, Time-lapse live video microscopy of U87 glioma cells infected with control shRNA.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common glioma variant in adults and is highly malignant. Tumors are thought to harbor a subpopulation of stem-like cancer cells, with the bulk resembling neural progenitor-like cells that are unable to fully differentiate. Although multiple pathways are known to be involved in glioma tumorigenesis, the role of Wnt signaling has been poorly described. Here, we show that Dishevelled 2 (Dvl2), a key component of the Wnt signaling pathway, is overexpressed in human gliomas. RNA interference–mediated depletion of Dvl2 blocked proliferation and promoted the differentiation of cultured human glioma cell lines and primary, patient-derived glioma cells. In addition, Dvl2 depletion inhibited tumor formation after intracranial injection of glioblastoma cells in immunodeficient mice. Inhibition of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling also blocked proliferation, but unlike Dvl2 depletion, did not induce differentiation. Finally, Wnt5a, a noncanonical Wnt ligand, was also required for glioma cell proliferation. The data therefore suggest that both canonical and noncanonical Wnt signaling pathways downstream of Dvl2 cooperate to maintain the proliferative capacity of human glioblastomas. Cancer Res; 71(23); 7280–90. ©2011 AACR.

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