This table shows the results of the interrupted time series analysis of tubal ligation, OS for sterilization, hysterectomy, and hysterectomy and OS before and after the clinical practice guideline release.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTEvidence suggesting that high-grade serous ovarian cancers originate in the fallopian tubes has led to the emergence of opportunistic salpingectomy (OS) as an approach to reduce ovarian-cancer risk. In the U.S., some national societies now recommend OS in place of tubal ligation for sterilization or during a benign hysterectomy in average-risk women. However, limited data exist on the dissemination of OS in clinical practice. We examined the uptake and predictors of OS in a nationwide sample of inpatient and outpatient claims (N = 48,231,235) from 2010 to 2017. Incidence rates of OS were calculated, and an interrupted time-series analysis was used to quantify changes in rates before (2010–2013) and after (2015–2017) national guideline release. Predictors of OS use were examined using Poisson regression. From 2010 to 2017, the age-adjusted incidence rate of OS for sterilization and OS during hysterectomy increased 17.8-fold [95% confidence interval (CI), 16.2–19.5] and 7.6-fold (95% CI, 5.5–10.4), respectively. The rapid increase (age-adjusted increase in quarterly rates of between 109% and 250%) coincided with the time of national guideline release. In multivariable-adjusted analyses, OS use was more common in young women and varied significantly by geographic region, rurality, family history/genetic susceptibility, surgical indication, inpatient/outpatient setting, and underlying comorbidities. Similar differences in OS uptake were noted in analyses limited to women with a family history/genetic susceptibility to breast/ovarian cancer. Our results highlight significant differences in OS uptake in both high- and average-risk women. Defining subsets of women who would benefit most from OS and identifying barriers to equitable OS uptake is needed.
Opportunistic salpingectomy for ovarian-cancer risk reduction has been rapidly adopted in the U.S., with significant variation in uptake by demographic and clinical factors. Studies examining barriers to opportunistic salpingectomy access and the long-term effectiveness and potential adverse effects of opportunistic salpingectomy are needed.