American Association for Cancer Research
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Table S2 from RASSF1A Suppresses the Invasion and Metastatic Potential of Human Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells by Inhibiting YAP Activation through the GEF-H1/RhoB Pathway

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posted on 2023-03-30, 23:52 authored by Fatéméh Dubois, Maureen Keller, Olivier Calvayrac, Fabrice Soncin, Lily Hoa, Alexander Hergovich, Maria-Carla Parrini, Julien Mazières, Mélissa Vaisse-Lesteven, Jacques Camonis, Guénaëlle Levallet, Gérard Zalcman

Plasmids used in this study.

Funding

Cancéropole Nord-Ouest

Ligue contre le Cancer de Normandie

CNMR

Wellcome Trust

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene RASSF1A by promoter hypermethylation represents a key event underlying the initiation and progression of lung cancer. RASSF1A inactivation is also associated with poor prognosis and may promote metastatic spread. In this study, we investigated how RASSF1A inactivation conferred invasive phenotypes to human bronchial cells. RNAi-mediated silencing of RASSF1A induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), fomenting a motile and invasive cellular phenotype in vitro and increased metastatic prowess in vivo. Mechanistic investigations revealed that RASSF1A blocked tumor growth by stimulating cofilin/PP2A–mediated dephosphorylation of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor GEF-H1, thereby stimulating its ability to activate the antimetastatic small GTPase RhoB. Furthermore, RASSF1A reduced nuclear accumulation of the Hippo pathway transcriptional cofactor Yes-associated protein (YAP), which was reinforced by RhoB activation. Collectively, our results indicated that RASSF1 acts to restrict EMT and invasion by indirectly controlling YAP nuclear shuttling and activation through a RhoB-regulated cytoskeletal remodeling process, with potential implications to delay the progression of RASSF1-hypermethylated lung tumors. Cancer Res; 76(6); 1627–40. ©2016 AACR.

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