American Association for Cancer Research
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Table S12 from Systemic Treatments and Molecular Biomarkers for Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumors: A Single-Institution Retrospective Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-15, 14:20 authored by Stefano Testa, Nam Q. Bui, Kristen N. Ganjoo

Table S12 shows results of Cox proportional hazard analysis for progression-free survival for all treatment episodes combined, regardless of line of therapy in patients with malignant PEComa only.



Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) are a large family of mesenchymal neoplasms, with variable clinical course. Evidence regarding treatment of advanced PEComas is scarce, with only one FDA-approved treatment available. The goals of this study were to provide data regarding systemic treatments for advanced PEComas and to identify biomarkers of prognostic relevance. This is a single-institution retrospective study of patients with advanced PEComas requiring systemic treatment, including malignant PEComa, angiomyolipoma (including the epithelioid variant), and lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Outcomes measured were overall survival (OS), first-line and combined progression-free survival (PFS), and tumor response. Kaplan-Meier, univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis were performed. A total of 29 patients were included, most with malignant PEComa (n=17). Median OS was 204.9 months, while median PFS was 92.4 months from first-line, and 15.8 months for all lines combined. TFE3 overexpression correlated with higher risk of death (HR:11.8, P = 0.04), and shorter median OS (P = 0.001). Chemotherapy and mTOR inhibitors showed similar OS (P = 0.84), and first-line PFS (P = 0.67). Combined PFS was similar between individual mTOR inhibitors, chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and other treatments (P = 0.19). Different mTOR inhibitors demonstrated similar efficacy, making cost and availability important considerations when choosing a specific agent. mTOR inhibitors showed similar outcomes as chemotherapy, suggesting that these should be preferred whenever possible for patients with PEComas given the morbidity associated with chemotherapy. TFE3 overexpression highlighted a subgroup of PEComas with worse prognosis and more aggressive behavior.