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Table S1-S3 from Liposome-Encapsulated Eribulin Shows Enhanced Antitumor Activity over Eribulin for Combination Therapy with Anti–PD-1 Antibody

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posted on 2023-04-04, 15:22 authored by Yuki Niwa, Keito Adachi, Kimiyo Tabata, Ryoga Ishida, Koichiro Hotta, Tomomi Ishida, Yuji Mano, Yoichi Ozawa, Yukinori Minoshima, Yasuhiro Funahashi, Taro Semba

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Eribulin is a microtubule dynamics inhibitor with tumor microenvironment modulation activity such as vascular remodeling activity. Here, we investigated antitumor and immunomodulatory activities of eribulin and its liposomal formulation (eribulin-LF) as monotherapies or in combination with anti–programmed death 1 (PD-1) Ab. The antitumor activity of eribulin or eribulin-LF as monotherapy or in combination with anti–PD-1 Ab was examined in a P-glycoprotein–knockout 4T1 model. Eribulin and eribulin-LF showed stronger antitumor activity in immunocompetent mice compared with immunodeficient mice, indicating that they have immunomodulatory activity that underlies its antitumor activity. Combination therapy of eribulin and eribulin-LF with anti–PD-1 Ab showed antitumor activity, and the combination activity of eribulin-LF with anti–PD-1 Ab was observed at a lower dose and longer interval of administration compared with that using eribulin. To examine the immunomodulatory activity of eribulin and eribulin-LF and its underlying mechanisms, we performed flow cytometry, IHC, and gene expression profiling. IHC and flow cytometry revealed that eribulin-LF increased microvessel density and intratumoral populations of cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells rather than eribulin. Gene expression profiling demonstrated that eribulin-LF induces IFNγ signaling. Furthermore, IHC also showed that eribulin-LF increased infiltration of CD8-positive cells together with increased CD31-positive cells. Eribulin-LF also increased ICAM-1 expression, which is essential for lymphocyte adhesion to vascular endothelial cells. In conclusion, eribulin showed combination antitumor activity with anti–PD-1 Ab via immunomodulation due to its vascular remodeling activity, and the liposomal formulation showed improved antitumor activity over the standard formulation.

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    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

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