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Supporting Information from Dual-Targeting Nanoparticles for In Vivo Delivery of Suicide Genes to Chemotherapy-Resistant Ovarian Cancer Cells

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posted on 2023-04-03, 14:49 authored by Emiliano Cocco, Yang Deng, Erik M. Shapiro, Ileana Bortolomai, Salvatore Lopez, Ken Lin, Stefania Bellone, Jiajia Cui, Gulden Menderes, Jonathan D. Black, Carlton L. Schwab, Elena Bonazzoli, Fan Yang, Federica Predolini, Luca Zammataro, Gary Altwerger, Christopher de Haydu, Mitchell Clark, Julio Alvarenga, Elena Ratner, Masoud Azodi, Dan-Arin Silasi, Peter E. Schwartz, Babak Litkouhi, W. Mark Saltzman, Alessandro D. Santin

Supporting information include 3 tables and 3 figures. Table 1 describes the Patients characteristics from which primary cell lines were established. Table 2 the characteristics of ovarian tumor samples from which RNA was extracted. Table 3 the characterization of particle formulations Supplementary figure 1 shows the DNA release in vitro in culture medium. The Supplementary figure 2 the ovarian tumors' uptake of c-CPE-NP in vivo. The Supplementary figure 3 shows the survival curves of the tumor bearing mice treated with vehicle, c-CPE-NP encapsulating the empty plasmid or the p16 DTA c-CPE-NP.

Funding

NIH

The Italian Ministry of Health

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic cancer. Claudin-3 and -4, the receptors for Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE), are overexpressed in more than 70% of these tumors. Here, we synthesized and characterized poly(lactic-co-glycolic-acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) modified with the carboxy-terminal–binding domain of CPE (c-CPE-NP) for the delivery of suicide gene therapy to chemotherapy-resistant ovarian cancer cells. As a therapeutic payload, we generated a plasmid encoding for the diphtheria toxin subunit-A (DT-A) under the transcriptional control of the p16 promoter, a gene highly differentially expressed in ovarian cancer cells. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence demonstrated that c-CPE-NPs encapsulating the cytomegalovirus (CMV) GFP plasmid (CMV GFP c-CPE-NP) were significantly more efficient than control NPs modified with a scrambled peptide (CMV GFP scr-NP) in transfecting primary chemotherapy-resistant ovarian tumor cell lines in vitro (P = 0.03). Importantly, c-CPE-NPs encapsulating the p16 DT-A vector (p16 DT-A c-CPE-NP) were significantly more effective than control p16 DT-A scr-NP in inducing ovarian cancer cell death in vitro (% cytotoxicity: mean ± SD = 32.9 ± 0.15 and 7.45 ± 7.93, respectively, P = 0.03). In vivo biodistribution studies demonstrated efficient transfection of tumor cells within 12 hours after intraperitoneal injection of CMV GFP c-CPE-NP in mice harboring chemotherapy-resistant ovarian cancer xenografts. Finally, multiple intraperitoneal injections of p16 DT-A c-CPE-NP resulted in a significant inhibition of tumor growth compared with control NP in chemotherapy-resistant tumor-bearing mice (P = 0.041). p16 DT-A c-CPE-NP may represent a novel dual-targeting therapeutic approach for the selective delivery of gene therapy to chemotherapy-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Mol Cancer Ther; 16(2); 323–33. ©2016 AACR.