American Association for Cancer Research
19406207capr160163-sup-167925_0_supp_3544497_x8vkx6.docx (34.75 kB)

Supplementary tables 1 and 2 from Dietary Weight Loss, Exercise, and Oxidative Stress in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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posted on 2023-04-03, 22:09 authored by Catherine Duggan, Jean de Dieu Tapsoba, Ching-Yun Wang, Kristin L. Campbell, Karen Foster-Schubert, Myron D. Gross, Anne McTiernan

Supplemental Table 1 Change in levels of analytes by tertiles of percent change in body fat, compared to controls and Change in levels of analytes by tertiles of in-person nutrition session attendance, compared to controls




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Oxidative stress, a potential mechanism linking obesity and cancer, results from an imbalance between activation/inactivation of reactive oxygen species, byproducts of cellular metabolism. In a randomized controlled trial, we investigated effects of diet and/or exercise on biomarkers of oxidative stress. A total of 439 overweight/obese [body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m2] postmenopausal women, ages 50 of 75 years, were randomized to 12 months of (i) reduced-calorie weight loss diet (“diet”; n = 118); (ii) moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic exercise (“exercise”; n = 117); (iii) combined diet and exercise intervention (“diet + exercise”; n = 117); or (iv) control (n = 87). Outcomes were circulating markers of oxidative stress, including fluorescent oxidation products (FOP), F2-isoprostanes, and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL). On average, participants were 57.9 years, with a BMI of 30.9 kg/m2. F2-isprostanes were significantly reduced in the diet (−22.7%, P = 0.0002) and diet + exercise (−23.5%, P < 0.0001) arms versus controls (−2.99%) and nonsignificantly reduced in the exercise arm (−14.5%, P = 0.01). Participants randomized to the diet and diet + exercise arms had significant increases in levels of FOP [control −5.81%; diet +14.77% (P = 0.0001); diet + exercise +17.45%, (P = 0.0001)]. In secondary analyses, increasing weight loss was statistically significantly associated with linear trends of greater reductions in oxidized LDL and in F2-isoprostanes and increases in FOP. Compared with controls, exercise participants whose maximal oxygen consumption increased had significant decreases in levels of F2-isoprostanes and in oxidized LDL and increases in FOP. Dietary weight loss, with or without exercise, significantly reduced some markers of oxidative stress in postmenopausal women. Cancer Prev Res; 9(11); 835–43. ©2016 AACR.

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