ARTICLE ABSTRACTBreast cancer is a leading cause of death in women worldwide. Active mutations of PI3K catalytic subunit PIK3CA (e.g., H1047R) and amplification of its homolog PIK3CB are observed in a large number of breast cancers. In recent years, aberrant activation of Transcriptional coactivator with PDZ binding motif (TAZ) and its paralog Yes-associated protein (YAP) have also been found to be important for breast cancer development and progression. However, whether PI3K interacts with YAP/TAZ during mammary tumorigenesis is unknown. Through a systematic gain-of-function screen for kinases involved in mammary tumorigenesis, we identified PIK3CB as a transformation-inducing kinase in breast cells. We further determined that PIK3CB positively regulates YAP and TAZ to promote transformation and inhibit mammary cell death in vitro. PIK3CB coexpression with TAZ, rather than PIK3CB or TAZ alone, in human MCF10A nontumorigenic mammary cells is sufficient for tumor formation in mice in vivo. Interestingly, we also determined that PIK3CA-H1047R enhances YAP and TAZ activity in mammary tumorigenesis in vitro. Mechanistically, the regulation of YAP/TAZ by both PIK3CA and PIK3CB occurs through multiple signaling pathways including LATS-dependent and LATS-independent pathways. Therefore, in this study, we determine that PI3K and YAP/TAZ interact to promote breast cancer cell transformation.Implications: This study provides the first evidence that the Hippo pathway effectors TAZ and YAP are critical mediators of PI3K-induced mammary tumorigenesis and synergistically function together with PI3K in transformation of mammary cells. These findings may provide a novel rationale for targeting YAP/TAZ alone or in combination with PI3K inhibitors for breast cancer therapy in the future. Mol Cancer Res; 16(6); 1046–58. ©2018 AACR.