American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct171091-sup-191982_2_supp_4495779_p2b33j.docx (24.96 kB)

Supplementary materials and methods and legends for Supplementary Figures and Tables from Impact of Chemical-Induced Mutational Load Increase on Immune Checkpoint Therapy in Poorly Responsive Murine Tumors

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 16:03 authored by Elizabeth A. Kuczynski, Janna Krueger, Annabelle Chow, Ping Xu, Shan Man, Yogi Sundaravadanam, Jessica K. Miller, Paul M. Krzyzanowski, Robert S. Kerbel

Supplementary materials and methods and legends for Supplementary Figures and Tables






A recurring historic finding in cancer drug development is encouraging antitumor effects observed in tumor-bearing mice that fail to translate into the clinic. An intriguing exception to this pattern is immune checkpoint therapy, as the sustained tumor regressions observed in subsets of cancer patients are rare in mice. Reasoning that this may be due in part to relatively low mutational loads of mouse tumors, we mutagenized transplantable mouse tumor cell lines EMT-6/P, B16F1, RENCA, CT26, and MC38 in vitro with methylnitro-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) or ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS) and tested their responsiveness to PD-L1 blockade. Exome sequencing confirmed an increase in somatic mutations by mutagen treatment, an effect mimicked in EMT-6 variants chronically exposed in vivo to cisplatin or cyclophosphamide. Certain mutagenized variants of B16F1, EMT-6/P, CT26, and MC38 (but not RENCA) were more immunogenic than their parents, yet anti-PD-L1 sensitization developed only in some EMT-6/P and B16F1 variants. Treatment response patterns corresponded with changes in immune cell infiltration and especially increases in CD8+ T cells. Chronically cisplatin-exposed EMT-6 variants were also more responsive to anti-PD-L1 therapy. Although tumor PD-L1 expression was upregulated in in vivo chemotherapy-exposed variants, PD-L1 expression levels were not consistently associated with anti-PD-L1 treatment activity across mutagenized or chemotherapy-exposed variants. In summary, mutagenized and more immunogenic mouse tumors were not universally sensitized to PD-L1 blockade. Chemically mutagenized variants may be useful to evaluate the impact of immunologically “hot” or “cold” tumors with a high mutational load, to which certain chemotherapy agents may contribute, on immunotherapy outcomes. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(4); 869–82. ©2018 AACR.