American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can182063-sup-204750_2_supp_5042531_pf2z12.pdf (239.46 kB)

Supplementary Tables (S1-S5) from An ATM/TRIM37/NEMO Axis Counteracts Genotoxicity by Activating Nuclear-to-Cytoplasmic NF-κB Signaling

Download (239.46 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 02:07 authored by Geyan Wu, Libing Song, Jinrong Zhu, Yameng Hu, Lixue Cao, Zhanyao Tan, Shuxia Zhang, Ziwen Li, Jun Li

Supplementary Tables to support primary figures


Natural Science Foundation of China

Guangzhou Science and Technology

Guangdong Natural Science Foundation

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities



Blocking genotoxic stress-induced NF-κB activation would substantially enhance the anticancer efficiency of genotoxic chemotherapy. Unlike the well-established classical NF-κB pathway, the genotoxic agents-induced “nuclear-to-cytoplasmic” NF-κB pathway is initiated from the nucleus and transferred to the cytoplasm. However, the mechanism linking nuclear DNA damage signaling to cytoplasmic IKK activation remains unclear. Here, we report that TRIM37, a novel E3 ligase, plays a vital role in genotoxic activation of NF-κB via monoubiquitination of NEMO at K309 in the nucleus, consequently resulting in nuclear export of NEMO and IKK/NF-κB activation. Clinically, TRIM37 levels correlated positively with levels of activated NF-κB and expression of Bcl-xl and XIAP in esophageal cancer specimens, which also associated positively with clinical stage and tumor-node-metastasis classification and associated inversely with overall and relapse-free survival in patients with esophageal cancer. Overexpression of TRIM37 conferred resistance to the DNA-damaging anticancer drug cisplatin in vitro and in vivo through activation of the NF-κB pathway. Genotoxic stress-activated ATM kinase directly interacted with and phosphorylated TRIM37 in the cytoplasm, which induced translocation of TRIM37 into the nucleus, where it formed a complex with NEMO and TRAF6 via a TRAF6-binding motif (TBM). Importantly, blocking the ATM/TRIM37/NEMO axis via cell-penetrating TAT-TBM peptide abrogated genotoxic agent-induced NEMO monoubiquitination and NF-κB activity, resulting in hypersensitivity of cancer cells to genotoxic drugs. Collectively, our results unveil a pivotal role for TRIM37 in genotoxic stress and shed light on mechanisms of inducible chemotherapy resistance in cancer.Significance: In response to genotoxic stress, TRIM37 activates NF-κB signaling via monoubiquitination of NEMO, which subsequently promotes cisplatin chemoresistance and tumor relapse in cancer. Cancer Res; 78(22); 6399–412. ©2018 AACR.