American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can153339-sup-159241_1_supp_3467534_969kws.pdf (185.34 kB)

Supplementary Tables S1-S3 from Histone Deacetylase Inhibition in Prostate Cancer Triggers miR-320–Mediated Suppression of the Androgen Receptor

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 00:03 authored by Shinya Sato, Keisuke Katsushima, Keiko Shinjo, Akira Hatanaka, Fumiharu Ohka, Shugo Suzuki, Aya Naiki-Ito, Norihito Soga, Satoru Takahashi, Yutaka Kondo

Supplementary Table S1. Background of Prostate Cancer Patients. Supplementary Table S2. List of the primers. Supplementary Table S3. 91 miRNAs upregulated in at least 1 of 3 cell lines.


Japan Society for the Promotion of Science


Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology

Takeda Science Foundation



Targeting androgen receptor (AR) by pharmacologic intervention is one of the effective approaches for treatment of malignant prostate cancers. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) alters the epigenetic status of tumor-associated genes, including those for miRNAs (miRNA), and affects the behavior of cancers. Here, we examined the molecular effects of a HDAC inhibitor, OBP-801, on AR expression and tumor cell growth in prostate cancers. Treatment with OBP-801 efficiently suppressed cell growth of three prostate cancer lines (22Rv1, VCaP, and LNCaP), together with AR downregulation, regardless of their hormone sensitivity. Intriguingly, this effect by OBP-801 was not due to decreased transcriptional activity of the AR gene, but due to posttranscriptional regulation, namely by miRNA-mediated suppression. Among the upregulated miRNAs after OBP-801 treatment in the three prostate cancer cell lines, miR-320a, whose expression was significantly correlated with prognosis of prostate cancers (P = 0.0185), was the most closely associated with AR expression. An miR-320a mimic suppressed AR protein expression together with growth suppression, while anti-miR-320a oligonucleotide significantly abrogated the growth suppression by OBP-801 treatment. FISH analysis revealed that miR-320a was highly expressed in human normal prostate luminal cells, but was rarely expressed in prostate cancer cells. In an AR-dependent prostate tumorigenic rat model, OBP-801 treatment profoundly increased miR-320a expression and repressed prostate tumorigenesis. Our data demonstrated that OBP-801 effectively suppressed AR activity via epigenetic upregulation of miR-320a, which resulted in tumor cell growth suppression of prostate cancers. OBP-801 may be a potent AR-targeting therapeutic reagent in AR-positive prostate cancer regardless of androgen dependency. Cancer Res; 76(14); 4192–204. ©2016 AACR.

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