American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can131766-sup-can-13-1766tab1-4.pdf (64.93 kB)

Supplementary Tables 1 - 4 from BCCIP Suppresses Tumor Initiation but Is Required for Tumor Progression

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 21:44 authored by Yi-Yuan Huang, Li Dai, Dakim Gaines, Roberto Droz-Rosario, Huimei Lu, Jingmei Liu, Zhiyuan Shen

PDF file - 64K, Sequences of primers used for genotyping (S1); Primer information for qPCR (S2); Primers used to amplify and sequence the cDNA of BCCIP, PTEN, and Ptch1 fragments (S3); The fractions of the medulloblastoma that have altered mRNA expression of the SHH pathway components (Results based on q-PCR analysis) (S4).



Dysfunctions of genome caretaker genes contribute to genomic instability and tumor initiation. Because many of the caretaker genes are also essential for cell viability, permanent loss of function of these genes would prohibit further tumor progression. How essential caretaker genes contribute to tumorigenesis is not fully understood. Here, we report a “hit-and-run” mode of action for an essential caretaker gene in tumorigenesis. Using a BRCA2-interacting protein BCCIP as the platform, we found that a conditional BCCIP knockdown and concomitant p53 deletion caused rapid development of medulloblastomas, which bear a wide spectrum of alterations involving the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) pathway, consistent with a caretaker responsibility of BCCIP on genomic integrity. Surprisingly, the progressed tumors have spontaneously lost the transgenic BCCIP knockdown cassette and restored BCCIP expression. Thus, a transient downregulation of BCCIP, but not necessarily a permanent mutation, is sufficient to initiate tumorigenesis. After the malignant transformation has been accomplished and autonomous cancer growth has been established, BCCIP reverses its role from a tumor-initiation suppressor to become a requisite for progression. This exemplifies a new type of tumor suppressor, which is distinct from the classical tumor suppressors that are often permanently abrogated during tumorigenesis. It has major implications on how a nonmutagenic or transient regulation of essential caretaker gene contributes to tumorigenesis. We further suggest that BCCIP represents a paradoxical class of modulators for tumorigenesis as a suppressor for initiation but a requisite for progression (SIRP). Cancer Res; 73(23); 7122–33. ©2013 AACR.