American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Tables 1-6 from Diaphanous-Related Formins Are Required for Invadopodia Formation and Invasion of Breast Tumor Cells

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posted on 2023-03-30, 19:04 authored by Floria Lizárraga, Renaud Poincloux, Maryse Romao, Guillaume Montagnac, Gaëlle Le Dez, Isabelle Bonne, Guillem Rigaill, Graça Raposo, Philippe Chavrier
Supplementary Tables 1-6 from Diaphanous-Related Formins Are Required for Invadopodia Formation and Invasion of Breast Tumor Cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Proteolytic degradation of the extracellular matrix by metastatic tumor cells is initiated by the formation of invadopodia, i.e., actin-driven filopodia-like membrane protrusions endowed with matrix-degradative activity. A signaling cascade involving neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein and the Arp2/3 actin nucleating complex is involved in actin assembly at invadopodia. Yet, the mechanism of invadopodia formation is poorly understood. Based on their role as actin nucleators in cytoskeletal rearrangements, including filopodia formation, we examined the function of Diaphanous-related formins (DRF) in invadopodia formation and invasion by breast tumor cells. Using small interfering RNA silencing of protein expression in highly invasive MDA-MB-231 breast adenocarcinoma cells, we show that three members of the DRF family (DRF1–DRF3) are required for invadopodia formation and two-dimensional matrix proteolysis. We also report that invasion of a three-dimensional Matrigel matrix involves filopodia-like protrusions enriched for invadopodial proteins, including membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase, which depend on DRFs for their formation. These data identify DRFs as critical components of the invasive apparatus of tumor cells in two-dimensional and three-dimensional matrices and suggest that different types of actin nucleators cooperate during the formation of invadopodia. [Cancer Res 2009;69(7):2792–800]