American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Tables 1-3, Figures 1-4, Investigator List from Complete Longitudinal Analyses of the Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase III Trial of Sunitinib in Patients with Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor following Imatinib Failure

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posted on 2023-03-31, 16:43 authored by George D. Demetri, Christopher R. Garrett, Patrick Schöffski, Manisha H. Shah, Jaap Verweij, Serge Leyvraz, Herbert I. Hurwitz, Antonio Lopez Pousa, Axel Le Cesne, David Goldstein, Luis Paz-Ares, Jean-Yves Blay, Grant A. McArthur, Qiang (Casey) Xu, Xin Huang, Charles S. Harmon, Vanessa Tassell, Darrel P. Cohen, Paolo G. Casali

PDF file - 74k, Complete Longitudinal Analyses of the Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Phase III Trial of Sunitinib in Patients with Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Following Imatinib Failure

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: To analyze final long-term survival and clinical outcomes from the randomized phase III study of sunitinib in gastrointestinal stromal tumor patients after imatinib failure; to assess correlative angiogenesis biomarkers with patient outcomes.Experimental Design: Blinded sunitinib or placebo was given daily on a 4-week-on/2-week-off treatment schedule. Placebo-assigned patients could cross over to sunitinib at disease progression/study unblinding. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed using conventional statistical methods and the rank-preserving structural failure time (RPSFT) method to explore cross-over impact. Circulating levels of angiogenesis biomarkers were analyzed.Results: In total, 243 patients were randomized to receive sunitinib and 118 to placebo, 103 of whom crossed over to open-label sunitinib. Conventional statistical analysis showed that OS converged in the sunitinib and placebo arms (median 72.7 vs. 64.9 weeks; HR, 0.876; P = 0.306) as expected, given the cross-over design. RPSFT analysis estimated median OS for placebo of 39.0 weeks (HR, 0.505, 95% CI, 0.262–1.134; P = 0.306). No new safety concerns emerged with extended sunitinib treatment. No consistent associations were found between the pharmacodynamics of angiogenesis-related plasma proteins during sunitinib treatment and clinical outcome.Conclusions: The cross-over design provided evidence of sunitinib clinical benefit based on prolonged time to tumor progression during the double-blind phase of this trial. As expected, following cross-over, there was no statistical difference in OS. RPSFT analysis modeled the absence of cross-over, estimating a substantial sunitinib OS benefit relative to placebo. Long-term sunitinib treatment was tolerated without new adverse events. Clin Cancer Res; 18(11); 3170–9. ©2012 AACR.

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