American Association for Cancer Research
Browse
can-21-4124_supplementary_table_7_suppst7.docx (15.65 kB)

Supplementary Table from Anti-HIV Drug Elvitegravir Suppresses Cancer Metastasis via Increased Proteasomal Degradation of m6A Methyltransferase METTL3

Download (15.65 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 05:20 authored by Long Liao, Yan He, Shu-Jun Li, Guo-Geng Zhang, Wei Yu, Jing Yang, Zi-Jia Huang, Can-Can Zheng, Qing-Yu He, Yan Li, Bin Li
Supplementary Table from Anti-HIV Drug Elvitegravir Suppresses Cancer Metastasis via Increased Proteasomal Degradation of m6A Methyltransferase METTL3

Funding

National Key Research and Development Program of China

National Natural Science Foundation of China

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation is an abundant modification in eukaryotic mRNAs. Accumulating evidence suggests a role for RNA m6A methylation in various aspects of cancer biology. In this study, we aimed to explore the biological role of RNA m6A modification in tumor metastasis and to identify novel therapeutic strategies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Integration of genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 functional screening with highly invasive and metastatic ESCC subline models led to the identification of METTL3, the catalytic subunit of the N6-adenosine-methyltransferase complex, as a promoter of cancer metastasis. METTL3 expression was upregulated in ESCC tumors and metastatic tissues. In vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that METTL3 increased m6A in EGR1 mRNA and enhanced its stability in a YTHDF3-dependent manner, activating EGR1/Snail signaling. Investigation into the regulation of METTL3 expression found that KAT2A increased H3K27 acetylation levels in the METTL3 promoter region and activated transcription of METTL3, whereas SIRT2 exerted the opposite effects. Molecular docking and computational screening in a Food and Drug Administration–approved compound library consisting of 1,443 small molecules identified compounds targeting METTL3 to suppress cancer metastasis. Elvitegravir, originally developed to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, suppressed metastasis by directly targeting METTL3 and enhancing its STUB1-mediated proteasomal degradation. Overall, RNA m6A modifications are important in cancer metastasis, and targeting METTL3 with elvitegravir has therapeutic potential for treating ESCC. This study finds that METTL3 promotes cancer metastasis by activating EGR1/Snail signaling in an m6A-dependent manner, revealing vulnerability to METTL3 blockade in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Usage metrics

    Cancer Research

    Categories

    Keywords

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC