American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Table and Figure Legends from Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor LPAR6 Supports the Tumorigenicity of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 23:27 authored by Antonio Mazzocca, Francesco Dituri, Flavia De Santis, Addolorata Filannino, Chiara Lopane, Regina C. Betz, Ying-Yi Li, Naofumi Mukaida, Peter Winter, Cosimo Tortorella, Gianluigi Giannelli, Carlo Sabbà

Legends for Supplementary Tables S1-S3 and Supplementary Figures S1-S7.



The aberrant processes driving hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are not fully understood. Lysophosphatidic acid receptors (LPAR) are commonly overexpressed in HCC, but their contributions to malignant development are not well established. In this report, we show that aberrant expression of LPAR6 sustains tumorigenesis and growth of HCC. Overexpression of LPAR6 in HCC specimens associated with poor survival in a cohort of 128 patients with HCC. We took a genetic approach to elucidate how LPAR6 sustains the HCC tumorigenic process, including through an expression profiling analysis to identify genes under the control of LPAR6. RNAi-mediated attenuation of LPAR6 impaired HCC tumorigenicity in tumor xenograft assays. Expression profiling and mechanistic analyses identified Pim-3 as a pathophysiologically relevant LPAR6 target gene. In nonmalignant cells where LPAR6 overexpression was sufficient to drive malignant character, Pim-3 was upregulated at the level of transcription initiation through a STAT3-dependent mechanism. A further analysis of HCC clinical specimens validated the connection between overexpression of LPAR6 and Pim-3, high proliferation rates, and poorer survival outcomes. Together, our findings establish LPAR6 as an important theranostic target in HCC tumorigenesis. Cancer Res; 75(3); 532–43. ©2014 AACR.

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