American Association for Cancer Research

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Supplementary Table S3 from Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of MUC1 Peptide Vaccine for Prevention of Recurrent Colorectal Adenoma

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posted on 2023-04-04, 15:23 authored by Robert E. Schoen, Lisa A. Boardman, Marcia Cruz-Correa, Ajay Bansal, David Kastenberg, Chin Hur, Lynda Dzubinski, Sharon F. Kaufman, Luz M. Rodriguez, Ellen Richmond, Asad Umar, Eva Szabo, Andres Salazar, John McKolanis, Pamela Beatty, Reetesh K. Pai, Aatur D. Singhi, Camille M. Jacqueline, Riuye Bao, Brenda Diergaarde, Ryan P. McMurray, Carrie Strand, Nathan R. Foster, David M. Zahrieh, Paul J. Limburg, Olivera J. Finn

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To assess whether MUC1 peptide vaccine produces an immune response and prevents subsequent colon adenoma formation. Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial in individuals age 40 to 70 with diagnosis of an advanced adenoma ≤1 year from randomization. Vaccine was administered at 0, 2, and 10 weeks with a booster injection at week 53. Adenoma recurrence was assessed ≥1 year from randomization. The primary endpoint was vaccine immunogenicity at 12 weeks defined by anti-MUC1 ratio ≥2.0. Fifty-three participants received the MUC1 vaccine and 50 placebo. Thirteen of 52 (25%) MUC1 vaccine recipients had a ≥2-fold increase in MUC1 IgG (range, 2.9–17.3) at week 12 versus 0/50 placebo recipients (one-sided Fisher exact P < 0.0001). Of 13 responders at week 12, 11 (84.6%) responded to a booster injection at week 52 with a ≥2-fold increase in MUC1 IgG measured at week 55. Recurrent adenoma was observed in 31 of 47 (66.0%) in the placebo group versus 27 of 48 (56.3%) in the MUC1 group [adjusted relative risk (aRR), 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.60–1.14; P = 0.25]. Adenoma recurrence occurred in 3/11 (27.3%) immune responders at week 12 and week 55 (aRR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.15–1.11; P = 0.08 compared with placebo). There was no difference in serious adverse events. An immune response was observed only in vaccine recipients. Adenoma recurrence was not different than placebo, but a 38% absolute reduction in adenoma recurrence compared with placebo was observed in participants who had an immune response at week 12 and with the booster injection.

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