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Supplementary Table S1 from Clinical and Translational Results of a Phase II, Randomized Trial of an Anti–IGF-1R (Cixutumumab) in Women with Breast Cancer That Progressed on Endocrine Therapy

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posted on 2023-03-31, 18:46 authored by William J. Gradishar, Denise A. Yardley, Rachel Layman, Joseph A. Sparano, Ellen Chuang, Donald W. Northfelt, Gary N. Schwartz, Hagop Youssoufian, Shande Tang, Ruslan Novosiadly, Amelie Forest, Tuan S. Nguyen, Jan Cosaert, Dmitri Grebennik, Paul Haluska

Exploratory efficacy analysis (per-protocol population)

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of cixutumumab, a human anti–insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF-1R) monoclonal IgG1 antibody, and explored potential biomarkers in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer.Experimental Design: Patients with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer that progressed on antiestrogen therapy received (2:1 randomization) cixutumumab 10 mg/kg and the same antiestrogen (arm A) or cixutumumab alone (arm B) every 2 weeks (q2w). Primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) and safety. Correlative analyses of IGF-1R, total insulin receptor (IR), and IR isoforms A (IR-A) and B (IR-B) expression in tumor tissue were explored.Results: Ninety-three patients were randomized (arm A, n = 62; arm B, n = 31). Median PFS was 2.0 and 3.1 months for arm A and arm B, respectively. Secondary efficacy measures were similar between the arms. Overall, cixutumumab was well tolerated. IGF-1R expression was not associated with clinical outcomes. Regardless of the treatment, lower IR-A, IR-B, and total IR mRNA expression in tumor tissue was significantly associated with longer PFS [IR-A: HR, 2.62 (P = 0.0062); IR-B: HR, 2.21 (P = 0.0202); and total IR: HR, 2.18 (P = 0.0230)] and OS [IR-A: HR, 2.94 (P = 0.0156); IR-B: HR, 2.69 (P = 0.0245); and total IR: HR, 2.72 (P = 0.0231)].Conclusions: Cixutumumab (10 mg/kg) with or without antiestrogen q2w had an acceptable safety profile, but no significant clinical efficacy. Patients with low total IR, IR-A, and IR-B mRNA expression levels had significantly longer PFS and OS, independent of the treatment. The prognostic or predictive value of IR as a biomarker for IGF-1R–targeted therapies requires further validation. Clin Cancer Res; 22(2); 301–9. ©2015 AACR.