American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Table 4 from The Associations between Intakes of One-Carbon Metabolism–Related Vitamins and Breast Density among Young Women

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-03, 07:20 authored by Eunyoung Han, Linda Van Horn, Linda Snetselaar, John A. Shepherd, Yoon Jung Park, Hyesook Kim, Seungyoun Jung, Joanne F. Dorgan

Supplementary Table 4 shows the results of association between �V and ADBV according to quartiles of one-carbon metabolism-related vitamin intakes during youth and at specific pubertal stages among nulliparous women


National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

Ewha Womans University (Ewha)

Maryland Department of Health (DHMH)

National Institutes of Health (NIH)



Folate is the primary methyl donor and B vitamins are cofactors for one-carbon metabolism that maintain DNA integrity and epigenetic signatures implicated in carcinogenesis. Breast tissue is particularly susceptible to stimuli in early life. Only limited data are available on associations of one-carbon metabolism–related vitamin intake during youth and young adulthood with breast density, a strong risk factor for breast cancer. Over 18 years in the DISC and DISC06 Follow-up Study, diets of 182 young women were assessed by three 24-hour recalls on five occasions at ages 8 to 18 years and once at 25 to 29 years. Multivariable-adjusted linear mixed-effects regression was used to examine associations of intakes of one-carbon metabolism-related vitamins with MRI-measured percent dense breast volume (�V) and absolute dense breast volume (ADBV) at ages 25 to 29 years. Folate intake in youth was inversely associated with �V (Ptrend = 0.006) and ADBV (Ptrend = 0.02). These inverse associations were observed with intake during post-, though not premenarche. In contrast, premenarche vitamin B2 intake was positively associated with ADBV (Ptrend < 0.001). Young adult folate and vitamin B6 intakes were inversely associated with �V (all Ptrend ≤ 0.04), whereas vitamins B6 and B12 were inversely associated with ADBV (all Ptrend ≤ 0.04). Among these DISC participants intakes of one-carbon metabolism-related vitamins were associated with breast density. Larger prospective studies among diverse populations are needed to replicate these findings. Our results suggest the importance of one-carbon metabolism-related vitamin intakes early in life with development of breast density and thereby potentially breast cancer risk later in life.