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Supplementary Table 4 from Challenging the Cancer Molecular Stratification Dogma: Intratumoral Heterogeneity Undermines Consensus Molecular Subtypes and Potential Diagnostic Value in Colorectal Cancer

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posted on 2023-03-31, 19:28 authored by Philip D. Dunne, Darragh G. McArt, Conor A. Bradley, Paul G. O'Reilly, Helen L. Barrett, Robert Cummins, Tony O'Grady, Ken Arthur, Maurice B. Loughrey, Wendy L. Allen, Simon S. McDade, David J. Waugh, Peter W. Hamilton, Daniel B. Longley, Elaine W. Kay, Patrick G. Johnston, Mark Lawler, Manuel Salto-Tellez, Sandra Van Schaeybroeck

Supplementary Table 4: Differentially expressed gene list contrasting tumour region of origin between Lymph Node and Invasive Front.

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Cancer Research UK

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: A number of independent gene expression profiling studies have identified transcriptional subtypes in colorectal cancer with potential diagnostic utility, culminating in publication of a colorectal cancer Consensus Molecular Subtype classification. The worst prognostic subtype has been defined by genes associated with stem-like biology. Recently, it has been shown that the majority of genes associated with this poor prognostic group are stromal derived. We investigated the potential for tumor misclassification into multiple diagnostic subgroups based on tumoral region sampled.Experimental Design: We performed multiregion tissue RNA extraction/transcriptomic analysis using colorectal-specific arrays on invasive front, central tumor, and lymph node regions selected from tissue samples from 25 colorectal cancer patients.Results: We identified a consensus 30-gene list, which represents the intratumoral heterogeneity within a cohort of primary colorectal cancer tumors. Using a series of online datasets, we showed that this gene list displays prognostic potential HR = 2.914 (confidence interval 0.9286–9.162) in stage II/III colorectal cancer patients, but in addition, we demonstrated that these genes are stromal derived, challenging the assumption that poor prognosis tumors with stem-like biology have undergone a widespread epithelial–mesenchymal transition. Most importantly, we showed that patients can be simultaneously classified into multiple diagnostically relevant subgroups based purely on the tumoral region analyzed.Conclusions: Gene expression profiles derived from the nonmalignant stromal region can influence assignment of colorectal cancer transcriptional subtypes, questioning the current molecular classification dogma and highlighting the need to consider pathology sampling region and degree of stromal infiltration when employing transcription-based classifiers to underpin clinical decision making in colorectal cancer. Clin Cancer Res; 22(16); 4095–104. ©2016 AACR.See related commentary by Morris and Kopetz, p. 3989

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