American Association for Cancer Research
19406207capr200437-sup-249855_4_supp_6962587_qpf2jc.pdf (106.94 kB)

Supplementary Table 3 from Estimating the Breast Cancer Burden in Germany and Implications for Risk-based Screening

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 22:09 authored by Anne S. Quante, Anika Hüsing, Jenny Chang-Claude, Marion Kiechle, Rudolf Kaaks, Ruth M. Pfeiffer

Supplementary Table 3



In Germany, it is currently recommended that women start mammographic breast cancer screening at age 50. However, recently updated guidelines state that for women younger than 50 and older than 70 years of age, screening decisions should be based on individual risk. International clinical guidelines recommend starting screening when a woman's 5-year risk of breast cancer exceeds 1.7%. We thus compared the performance of the current age-based screening practice with an alternative risk-adapted approach using data from a German population representative survey. We found that 10,498,000 German women ages 50–69 years are eligible for mammographic screening based on age alone. Applying the 5-year risk threshold of 1.7% to individual breast cancer risk estimated from a model that considers a woman's reproductive and personal characteristics, 39,000 German women ages 40–49 years would additionally be eligible. Among those women, the number needed to screen to detect one breast cancer case, NNS, was 282, which was close to the NNS = 292 among all 50- to 69-year-old women. In contrast, NNS = 703 for the 113,000 German women ages 50–69 years old with 5-year breast cancer risk <0.8%, the median 5-year breast cancer risk for German women ages 45–49 years, which we used as a low-risk threshold. For these low-risk women, longer screening intervals might be considered to avoid unnecessary diagnostic procedures. In conclusion, we show that risk-adapted mammographic screening could benefit German women ages 40–49 years who are at elevated breast cancer risk and reduce cost and burden among low-risk women ages 50–69 years. We show that a risk-based approach to mammography screening for German women can help detect breast cancer in women ages 40–49 years with increased risk and reduce screening costs and burdens for low-risk women ages 50–69 years. However, before recommending a particular implementation of a risk-based mammographic screening approach, further investigations of models and thresholds used are needed.

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