American Association for Cancer Research
mcr-22-0835_supplementary_table_2_suppst2.docx (16.35 kB)

Supplementary Table 2 from SP4 Facilitates Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Progression by Activating PHF14 Transcription and Wnt/Β-Catenin Signaling

Download (16.35 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-02, 08:20 authored by Li Wei, Chaowei Deng, Bo Zhang, Guanghui Wang, Yan Meng, Hao Qin

Association of PHF14 mRNA expression with clinicopathological characteristics of EC (n = 73).


Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (Shaanxi Natural Science Foundation)



Specificity protein 4 transcription factor (SP4), a member of the Sp/Krüppel-like family (KLF), could bind to GT and GC box promoters, and plays an essential role in transcriptional activating. Despite SP4 having been detected to be highly expressed in a variety of human tumors, its biological effect and underlying molecular mechanism in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. Our research discovered that high SP4 expression is detected in primary ESCC specimens and cell lines and is strongly associated with the ESCC tumor grade and poor prognosis. In vitro, knockdown of SP4 suppressed cell proliferation and cell-cycle progression and promoted apoptosis, whereas overexpression of SP4 did the opposite. In vivo, inhibiting SP4 expression in ESCC cells suppresses tumor growth. Subsequently, we demonstrated that SP4 acts as the transcriptional upstream of PHF14, which binds to PHF14 promoter region, thus promoting PHF14 transcription. PHF14 was also significantly expressed in patient tissues and various ESCC cell lines and its expression promoted cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis. Moreover, knockdown of SP4 inhibited the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, whereas overexpression of PHF14 eliminated the effects of SP4 knockdown in ESCC cells. These results demonstrate that SP4 activates the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by driving PHF14 transcription, thereby promoting ESCC progression, which indicates that SP4 might act as a prospective prognostic indicator or therapeutic target for patients with ESCC. This study identified SP4/PH14 axis as a new mechanism to promote the progression of ESCC, which may serve as a novel therapeutic target for patients with ESCC.