PDF file - 93K, This file shows the effect of SAR131675 on a number of non-kinase enzymes, receptors and on ion channels
ARTICLE ABSTRACTSAR131675 is a potent and selective VEGFR-3 inhibitor. It inhibited VEGFR-3 tyrosine kinase activity and VEGFR-3 autophosphorylation in HEK cells with IC50 values of 20 and 45 nmol/L, respectively. SAR131675 dose dependently inhibited the proliferation of primary human lymphatic cells, induced by the VEGFR-3 ligands VEGFC and VEGFD, with an IC50 of about 20 nmol/L. SAR131675 was found to be highly selective for VEGFR-3 versus 107 receptors, enzymes, ion channels, and 65 kinases. However, it was moderately active on VEGFR-2 with a VEGFR-3/VEGFR-2 ratio of about 10. SAR131675 had no antiproliferative activity on a panel of 30 tumors and primary cells, further showing its high specificity and indicating that SAR131675 is not a cytotoxic or cytostatic agent. SAR131675 was very well tolerated in mice and showed a potent antitumoral effect in several orthotopic and syngenic models, including mammary 4T1 carcinoma and RIP1.Tag2 tumors. Interestingly, it significantly reduced lymph node invasion and lung metastasis, showing its antilymphangiogenic activity in vivo. Moreover, treatment of mice before resection of 4T1 primary tumors was sufficient to prevent metastasis. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) play an important role in tumor growth and metastasis. The expression of VEGFR-3 on TAMs has been recently described. F4/80 immunostaining clearly showed that SAR131675 significantly reduced TAM infiltration and aggregation in 4T1 tumors. Taken together, SAR131675 is the first highly specific VEGFR-3-TK inhibitor described to date, displaying significant antitumoral and antimetastatic activities in vivo through inhibition of lymphangiogenesis and TAM invasion. Mol Cancer Ther; 11(8); 1637–49. ©2012 AACR.