PDF file, 51K, Tumor-derived myeloid subsets from (n=6) were stained and sorted and their suppressive activity was tested in a co-culture with autologous T cells activated with anti-CD3/anti-CD28 beads in duplicates. T cell proliferation was assessed by quantifying the percent of T cells that had not diluted the CFSE at day 4 and calculating the percent inhibition of T cell proliferation. Average percent inhibition � SEM are shown. Average of the cumulative data from the 6 tumorsis also shown.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) have emerged as an immune-regulatory cell type that is expanded in tumor-bearing mice, but less is known about their immune-suppressive role in patients with cancer.Experimental Design: To study the importance of MDSC in patients with melanoma, we characterized the frequency, phenotype, and suppressive function of blood myeloid-derived cells and tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells in 26 freshly resected melanomas.Results: Blood and tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells (Lin− CD11b+) could be phenotypically and morphologically classified into monocytes/macrophages, neutrophils, eosinophils, and immature myeloid cells according to marker expression (CD14+, CD14− CD15hi, CD14− CD15int, and CD14− CD15−, respectively). In contrast to the expansion of MDSC reported in tumor-bearing mice, we found no differences in the frequency and phenotype of myeloid subsets in the blood of patients with melanoma compared with healthy donors. Myeloid cells represented 12% of the live cells in the melanoma cell suspensions, and were phenotypically diverse with high tumor-to-tumor variability. Interestingly, a positive association was found between the percentage of Tregs and granulocytic cells (Lin− CD11b+ CD14−CD15+) infiltrating melanoma tumors. However, melanoma-infiltrating myeloid cells displayed impaired suppression of nonspecific T-cell proliferation compared with peripheral blood myeloid cells, in which monocytes and eosinophils were suppressive.Conclusions: Our findings provide a first characterization of the nature and suppressive function of the melanoma myeloid infiltrate and indicate that the suppressive function of MDSC in patients with melanoma seems far less than that based on murine tumor models. Clin Cancer Res; 18(19); 5212–23. ©2012 AACR.