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Supplementary Table 2 from Associations between MICA and MICB Genetic Variants, Protein Levels, and Colorectal Cancer: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC)

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posted on 2023-04-12, 16:20 authored by Shuo Wang, Guillaume C. Onyeaghala, Nathan Pankratz, Heather H. Nelson, Bharat Thyagarajan, Weihong Tang, Faye L. Norby, Chinenye Ugoji, Corinne E. Joshu, Christian R. Gomez, David J. Couper, Josef Coresh, Elizabeth A. Platz, Anna E. Prizment

Supplemental Table 2 shows the associations between pre-selected SNPs and Visit 2 sMICA and sMICB levels (continuous variables) stratified by sex, race, or diabetes status.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The MHC class I chain-related protein A (MICA) and protein B (MICB) participate in tumor immunosurveillance and may be important in colorectal cancer, but have not been examined in colorectal cancer development. sMICA and sMICB blood levels were measured by SomaScan in Visit 2 (1990–92, baseline) and Visit 3 (1993–95) samples in cancer-free participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. We selected rs1051792, rs1063635, rs2516448, rs3763288, rs1131896, rs2596542, and rs2395029 that were located in or in the vicinity of MICA or MICB and were associated with cancer or autoimmune diseases in published studies. SNPs were genotyped by the Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP Array. We applied linear and Cox proportional hazards regressions to examine the associations of preselected SNPs with sMICA and sMICB levels and colorectal cancer risk (236 colorectal cancers, 8,609 participants) and of sMICA and sMICB levels with colorectal cancer risk (312 colorectal cancers, 10,834 participants). In genetic analyses, estimates adjusted for ancestry markers were meta-analyzed. Rs1051792-A, rs1063635-A, rs2516448-C, rs3763288-A, rs2596542-T, and rs2395029-G were significantly associated with decreased sMICA levels. Rs2395029-G, in the vicinity of MICA and MICB, was also associated with increased sMICB levels. Rs2596542-T was significantly associated with decreased colorectal cancer risk. Lower sMICA levels were associated with lower colorectal cancer risk in males (HR = 0.68; 95% confidence interval, 0.49–0.96) but not in females (Pinteraction = 0.08). Rs2596542-T associated with lower sMICA levels was associated with decreased colorectal cancer risk. Lower sMICA levels were associated with lower colorectal cancer risk in males. These findings support an importance of immunosurveillance in colorectal cancer.

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    Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention

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