American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Table 2 from Antiproliferative Effect of Lapatinib in HER2-Positive and HER2-Negative/HER3-High Breast Cancer: Results of the Presurgical Randomized MAPLE Trial (CRUK E/06/039)

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 18:24 authored by Alexandra Leary, Abigail Evans, Stephen R.D. Johnston, Roger A'Hern, Judith M. Bliss, Rashmita Sahoo, Simone Detre, Benjamin P. Haynes, Margaret Hills, Catherine Harper-Wynne, Nigel Bundred, Gill Coombes, Ian Smith, Mitch Dowsett

Supplementary Table 2. Biomarker changes in placebo treated arm.



Purpose: Not all breast cancers respond to lapatinib. A change in Ki67 after short-term exposure may elucidate a biomarker profile for responsive versus nonresponsive tumors.Experimental Design: Women with primary breast cancer were randomized (3:1) to 10 to 14 days of preoperative lapatinib or placebo in a multicenter phase II trial (ISRCTN68509377). Biopsies pre-/posttreatment were analyzed for Ki67, apoptosis, HER2, EGFR, ER, PgR, pAKT, pERK, and stathmin by IHC. Further markers were measured by RT-PCR. Primary endpoint was change in Ki67. HER2+ was defined as 2+/3+ by IHC and FISH+.Results: One hundred twenty-one patients (lapatinib, 94; placebo, 27) were randomized; of these, 21% were HER2+, 78% were HER2− nonamplified, 26% were EGFR+. Paired samples containing tumor were obtained for 98% (118 of 121). Ki67 fell significantly with lapatinib (−31%; P < 0.001), but not with placebo (−3%). Whereas Ki67 reduction with lapatinib was greatest in HER2+ breast cancer (−46%; P = 0.003), there was a significant Ki67 decrease in HER2− breast cancer (−27%; P = 0.017) with 14% of HER2− breast cancer demonstrating ≥50% Ki67 reduction with lapatinib. Among HER2+ patients, the only biomarker predictive of Ki67 response was the EGFR/HER4 ligand epiregulin (EREG) (rho = −0.7; P = 0.002). Among HER2− tumors, only HER3 mRNA levels were significantly associated with Ki67 response on multivariate analysis (P = 0.01). In HER2− breast cancer, HER2 and HER3 mRNA levels were highly correlated (rho = 0.67, P < 0.001), with all Ki67 responders having elevated HER3 and HER2 expression.Conclusions: Lapatinib has antiproliferative effects in a subgroup of HER2− nonamplified tumors characterized by high HER3 expression. The possible role of high HER2:HER3 heterodimers in predicting response to lapatinib merits investigation in HER2− tumors. Clin Cancer Res; 21(13); 2932–40. ©2014 AACR.See related commentary by Campbell and Moasser, p. 2886