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Supplementary Table 1 from Phase I Trial of Viral Vector-Based Personalized Vaccination Elicits Robust Neoantigen-Specific Antitumor T-Cell Responses

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posted on 2024-06-03, 07:21 authored by Anna Morena D'Alise, Guido Leoni, Gabriella Cotugno, Loredana Siani, Rosa Vitale, Valentino Ruzza, Irene Garzia, Laura Antonucci, Elisa Micarelli, Veronica Venafra, Sven Gogov, Alessia Capone, Sarah Runswick, Juan Martin‐Liberal, Emiliano Calvo, Victor Moreno, Stefan N. Symeonides, Elisa Scarselli, Oliver Bechter

Supplementary Table 1. Representativeness of study participants

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Personalized vaccines targeting multiple neoantigens (nAgs) are a promising strategy for eliciting a diversified antitumor T-cell response to overcome tumor heterogeneity. NOUS-PEV is a vector-based personalized vaccine, expressing 60 nAgs and consists of priming with a nonhuman Great Ape Adenoviral vector (GAd20) followed by boosts with Modified Vaccinia Ankara. Here, we report data of a phase Ib trial of NOUS-PEV in combination with pembrolizumab in treatment-naïve patients with metastatic melanoma (NCT04990479). The feasibility of this approach was demonstrated by producing, releasing, and administering to 6 patients 11 of 12 vaccines within 8 weeks from biopsy collection to GAd20 administration. The regimen was safe, with no treatment-related serious adverse events observed and mild vaccine-related reactions. Vaccine immunogenicity was demonstrated in all evaluable patients receiving the prime/boost regimen, with detection of robust neoantigen-specific immune responses to multiple neoantigens comprising both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Expansion and diversification of vaccine-induced T-cell receptor (TCR) clonotypes was observed in the posttreatment biopsies of patients with clinical response, providing evidence of tumor infiltration by vaccine-induced neoantigen-specific T cells. These findings indicate the ability of NOUS-PEV to amplify and broaden the repertoire of tumor-reactive T cells to empower a diverse, potent, and durable antitumor immune response. Finally, a gene signature indicative of the reduced presence of activated T cells together with very poor expression of the antigen-processing machinery genes has been identified in pretreatment biopsies as a potential biomarker of resistance to the treatment.

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