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Supplementary Table 1 from Payload-Binding Fab Fragments Increase the Therapeutic Index of MMAE Antibody–Drug Conjugates

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posted on 2023-04-03, 08:41 authored by Brandon M. Bordeau, Toan Duc Nguyen, Joseph Ryan Polli, Ping Chen, Joseph P. Balthasar

Supplementary Table 1

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National Cancer Institute (NCI)

United States Department of Health and Human Services

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE) is a potent tubulin inhibitor that is used as the payload for four FDA-approved antibody–drug conjugates (ADC). Deconjugated MMAE readily diffuses into untargeted cells, resulting in off-target toxicity. Here, we report the development and evaluation of a humanized Fab fragment (ABC3315) that enhances the therapeutic selectivity of MMAE ADCs. ABC3315 increased the IC50 of MMAE against human cancer cell lines by > 500-fold with no impact on the cytotoxicity of MMAE ADCs, including polatuzumab vedotin (PV) and trastuzumab-vc-MMAE (TvcMMAE). Coadministration of ABC3315 did not reduce the efficacy of PV or TvcMMAE in xenograft tumor models. Coadministration of ABC3315 with 80 mg/kg TvcMMAE significantly (P < 0.0001) increased the cumulative amount of MMAE that was excreted in urine 0 to 4 days after administration from 789.4±19.0 nanograms (TvcMMAE alone) to 2625±206.8 nanograms (for mice receiving TvcMMAE with coadministration of ABC3315). Mice receiving 80 mg/kg TvcMMAE and PBS exhibited a significant drop in white blood cell counts (P = 0.025) and red blood cell counts (P = 0.0083) in comparison with control mice. No significant differences, relative to control mice, were found for white blood cell counts (P = 0.15) or for red blood cell counts (P = 0.23) for mice treated with 80 mg/kg TvcMMAE and ABC3315. Coadministration of ABC3315 with 120 mg/kg PV significantly (P = 0.045) decreased the percentage body weight loss at nadir for treated mice from 11.9%±7.0% to 4.1%±2.1%. Our results demonstrate that ABC3315, an anti-MMAE Fab fragment, decreases off-target toxicity while not decreasing antitumor efficacy, increasing the therapeutic window of MMAE ADCs.

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