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Supplementary Table 1 from Evolution of Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans to DFSP-Derived Fibrosarcoma: An Event Marked by Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition–like Process and 22q Loss

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posted on 2023-04-03, 17:02 authored by Silvia Stacchiotti, Annalisa Astolfi, Alessandro Gronchi, Andrea Fontana, Maria A. Pantaleo, Tiziana Negri, Monica Brenca, Marcella Tazzari, Milena Urbini, Valentina Indio, Chiara Colombo, Stefano Radaelli, Silvia Brich, Angelo P. Dei Tos, Paolo G. Casali, Chiara Castelli, Gian Paolo Dagrada, Silvana Pilotti, Roberta Maestro

Clinical/pathologic characteristics of the patients from whom the tissue samples molecularly profiled were derived; bold/underlined type indicates the tumor tissue from which the sample for the molecular analysis was derived.

Funding

Italian Association for Cancer Research

Ministry of Health, Italy

FIRC

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare and indolent cutaneous sarcoma. At times, a fibrosarcomatous transformation marked by a more aggressive clinical behavior may be present. We investigated the natural history and the molecular bases of progression from classic DFSP to the fibrosarcomatous form (FS-DFSP), looking, retrospectively, at the outcome of all patients affected by primary DFSP treated at our institution from 1993 to 2012 and analyzing the molecular profile of 5 DFSPs and 5 FS-DFSPs by an integrated genomics approach (whole transcriptome sequencing, copy number analysis, FISH, qRT-PCR, IHC). The presence of fibrosarcomatous features was identified in 20 (7.6%) patients out of 263 DFSP. All cases were treated with macroscopic complete surgery. A local relapse occurred in 4 of 23 patients who received a microscopic marginal surgery (2 classic DFSP, 2 FS-DFSP), while metastasis affected 2 patients, both FS-DFSP (10% of FS-DFSP), being the first event. DFSP evolution to FS-DFSP was paralleled by a transcriptional reprogramming. The recurrent loss of chromosome 22q appeared to contribute to this phenomenon by promoting the expression of epigenetic regulators, such as EZH2. Loss of the p16/CDKN2A/INK4A locus at 9p was also observed in two FS-DFSP metastatic cases.Implications: FS-DFSP is a rare subgroup among DFSP, with a 10% metastatic risk, that was independent from local recurrence and that was not observed in DFSP, that were all cured by wide surgery. Chromosome 22q deletion might play a role in FS-DFSP, and p16 loss may convey a poor outcome. EZH2 dysregulation was also found and represents a druggable target. Mol Cancer Res; 14(9); 820–9. ©2016 AACR.