Fonds de Recherche du Québec - Santé (FRQS)
Canada Research Chairs (Chaires de recherche du Canada)
Gouvernement du Quebec
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (IRSC)
ARTICLE ABSTRACTCancer survivors are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with the general population. We sought to evaluate the impact of mosaic chromosomal alterations (mCA) on death of CVD causes, coronary artery disease (CAD) causes, and of any cause in patients with a cancer diagnosis.
The study was a prospective cohort analysis of 48,919 UK Biobank participants with a cancer diagnosis. mCAs were characterized using DNA genotyping array intensity data and long-range chromosomal phase inference. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to ascertain the associations of mCAs. Exploratory endpoints included various incident cardiovascular phenotypes.
Overall, 10,070 individuals (20.6%) carried ≥ 1 mCA clone. In adjusted analyses, mCA was associated with an increased risk of death of CAD causes [HR, 1.37; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.09–1.71; P = 0.006]. In sub-analyses, we found that carriers of mCAs diagnosed with kidney cancer had an increased risk of death of CVD causes (HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.11–3.72; P = 0.022) and CAD causes (HR, 3.57; 95% CI, 1.44–8.84; P = 0.006). Women diagnosed with breast cancer who carried a mCA also had a higher risk of death of CAD causes (HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.23–4.92; P = 0.011).
Among cancer survivors, carriers of any mCA are at an increased risk of CAD death compared with noncarriers. Mechanistic studies should be considered to better ascertain the biological mechanisms underneath the observed associations between mCAs and cardiovascular events for specific cancer types.
There may be clinical relevance in considering mCAs in patients diagnosed with cancer and undergoing treatment.