American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Table 12 from Somatic Mosaic Chromosomal Alterations and Death of Cardiovascular Disease Causes among Cancer Survivors

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posted on 2023-04-19, 14:00 authored by Maxine Sun, Marie-Christyne Cyr, Johanna Sandoval, Louis-Philippe Lemieux Perreault, Lambert Busque, Jean-Claude Tardif, Marie-Pierre Dubé

Supplementary Table 12: Cox regression analyses of the effect of mosaic chromosomal alterations on the risk of death of cardiovascular disease causes per cancer type



Cancer survivors are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with the general population. We sought to evaluate the impact of mosaic chromosomal alterations (mCA) on death of CVD causes, coronary artery disease (CAD) causes, and of any cause in patients with a cancer diagnosis. The study was a prospective cohort analysis of 48,919 UK Biobank participants with a cancer diagnosis. mCAs were characterized using DNA genotyping array intensity data and long-range chromosomal phase inference. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to ascertain the associations of mCAs. Exploratory endpoints included various incident cardiovascular phenotypes. Overall, 10,070 individuals (20.6%) carried ≥ 1 mCA clone. In adjusted analyses, mCA was associated with an increased risk of death of CAD causes [HR, 1.37; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.09–1.71; P = 0.006]. In sub-analyses, we found that carriers of mCAs diagnosed with kidney cancer had an increased risk of death of CVD causes (HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.11–3.72; P = 0.022) and CAD causes (HR, 3.57; 95% CI, 1.44–8.84; P = 0.006). Women diagnosed with breast cancer who carried a mCA also had a higher risk of death of CAD causes (HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.23–4.92; P = 0.011). Among cancer survivors, carriers of any mCA are at an increased risk of CAD death compared with noncarriers. Mechanistic studies should be considered to better ascertain the biological mechanisms underneath the observed associations between mCAs and cardiovascular events for specific cancer types. There may be clinical relevance in considering mCAs in patients diagnosed with cancer and undergoing treatment.

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