American Association for Cancer Research
can-22-2794_supplementary_methods_suppsmm.docx (18.86 kB)

Supplementary Methods from Spatially Resolved Transcriptomics Deconvolutes Prognostic Histological Subgroups in Patients with Colorectal Cancer and Synchronous Liver Metastases

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-14, 08:41 authored by Colin S. Wood, Kathryn A.F. Pennel, Holly Leslie, Assya Legrini, Andrew J. Cameron, Lydia Melissourgou-Syka, Jean A. Quinn, Hester C. van Wyk, Jennifer Hay, Antonia K. Roseweir, Colin Nixon, Campbell S.D. Roxburgh, Donald C. McMillan, Andrew V. Biankin, Owen J. Sansom, Paul G. Horgan, Joanne Edwards, Colin W. Steele, Nigel B. Jamieson

Supplementary details regarding methods and materials


Cancer Research UK (CRUK)



Strong immune responses in primary colorectal cancer correspond with better patient survival following surgery compared with tumors with predominantly stromal microenvironments. However, biomarkers to identify patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) with good prognosis following surgery for oligometastatic disease remain elusive. The aim of this study was to determine the practical application of a simple histological assessment of immune cell infiltration and stromal content in predicting outcome following synchronous resection of primary colorectal cancer and CRLM and to interrogate the underlying functional biology that drives disease progression. Samples from patients undergoing synchronous resection of primary colorectal cancer and CRLM were evaluated in detail through histological assessment, panel genomic and bulk transcriptomic assessment, IHC, and GeoMx spatial transcriptomics (ST) analysis. High immune infiltration of metastases was associated with improved cancer-specific survival. Bulk transcriptomic analysis was confounded by stromal content, but ST demonstrated that the invasive edge of the metastases of long-term survivors was characterized by adaptive immune cell populations enriched for type II IFN signaling and MHC-class II antigen presentation. In contrast, patients with poor prognosis demonstrated increased abundance of regulatory T cells and neutrophils with enrichment of Notch and TGFβ signaling pathways at the metastatic tumor center. In summary, histological assessment can stratify outcomes in patients undergoing synchronous resection of CRLM, suggesting that it has potential as a prognostic biomarker. Furthermore, ST analysis has revealed significant intratumoral and interlesional heterogeneity and identified the underlying transcriptomic programs driving each phenotype. Spatial transcriptomics uncovers heterogeneity between patients, between matched lesions in the same patient, and within individual lesions and identifies drivers of metastatic progression in colorectal cancer with reactive and suppressed immune microenvironments.

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