American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr123891-sup-supp_methods.pdf (94.7 kB)

Supplementary Methods from Construction of an Immunotoxin, D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL, Targeting EGFRwt and EGFRvIII for Brain Tumor Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 17:20 authored by Vidyalakshmi Chandramohan, Xuhui Bao, Stephen T. Keir, Charles N. Pegram, Scott E. Szafranski, Hailan Piao, Carol J. Wikstrand, Roger E. McLendon, Chien-Tsun Kuan, Ira H. Pastan, Darell D. Bigner

Supplementary Methods - PDF file 94K, The supplementary methods section describes the following: Construction, expression and purification of different EGFRvIII deletion mutants, cloning of variable heavy (VH) and variable light (VL) domains of P588 and D2C7 mAb, surface plasmon resonance, stability assay, and immunohistochemistry of frozen D270MG brain tumor tissue



Purpose: The EGF receptor gene (EGFR) is most frequently amplified and overexpressed, along with its deletion mutant, EGFRvIII, in glioblastoma. We tested the preclinical efficacy of the recombinant immunotoxin, D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL, which is reactive with a 55-amino acid (AA) region present in the extracellular domain of both EGFRwt (583-637 AAs) and EGFRvIII (292-346 AAs) proteins.Experimental Design: The binding affinity and specificity of D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL for EGFRwt and EGFRvIII were measured by surface-plasmon resonance and flow cytometry. In vitro cytotoxicity of D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL was measured by inhibition of protein synthesis in human EGFRwt-transfected NR6 (NR6W), human EGFRvIII-transfected NR6 (NR6M), EGFRwt-overexpressing A431-epidermoid-carcinoma, and glioblastoma xenograft cells (43, D08-0493MG, D2159MG, and D270MG). In vivo antitumor efficacy of D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL was evaluated using 43, NR6M, and D270MG orthotopic tumor models.Results: The KD of D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL for EGFRwt and EGFRvIII was 1.6 × 10−9 mol/L and 1.3 × 10−9 mol/L, respectively. Flow cytometry with NR6W and NR6M cells confirmed the specificity of D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL for EGFRwt and EGFRvIII. The D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL IC50 was 0.18 to 2.5 ng/mL on cells expressing EGFRwt (NR6W, A431, 43, and D08-0493MG). The D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL IC50 was approximately 0.25 ng/mL on EGFRvIII-expressing cells (NR6M) and on EGFRwt- and EGFRvIII-expressing glioblastoma xenograft cells (D2159MG and D270MG). Significantly, in intracranial tumor models of 43, NR6M, and D270MG, treatment with D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL by convection-enhanced delivery prolonged survival by 310% (P = 0.006), 28% (P = 0.002), and 166% (P = 0.001), respectively.Conclusions: In preclinical studies, the D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL immunotoxin exhibited significant potential for treating brain tumors expressing EGFRwt, EGFRvIII, or both. Clin Cancer Res; 19(17); 4717–27. ©2013 AACR.