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Supplementary Methods and Supplementary Figures 1 through 7 from Assessment of the In Vivo Activity of PI3K and MEK Inhibitors in Genetically Defined Models of Colorectal Cancer

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posted on 2023-04-03, 15:25 authored by Meera Raja, Matt Zverev, Katja Seipel, Geraint T. Williams, Alan R. Clarke, Paul H.S. Shaw

This file contains supplementary methods and figures describing tumour severity scoring and tumour area measurements in all three tumour model. Additionally, histological representation of cleaved caspase 3 and BrdU staining and western blots showing activation of MAPK and PI3K signalling pathways in tumour models.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The objective of tailoring medicines for cancer patients according to the molecular profile of their disease holds great promise for the improvement of cancer therapy. Nevertheless, this approach has been limited, in part, due to the lack of predictive and informative preclinical studies. Herein, we describe an assessment of the therapeutic potential of targeting PI3K/mTOR and MAPK signaling in genetically defined mouse models of colorectal cancer mirroring disease subtypes targeted for novel therapy in the FOCUS4 trial. Our studies demonstrate that dual PI3K/mTOR inhibition is highly effective in invasive adenocarcinoma models characterized by combinatorial mutations in Apc and Pten; Apc and Kras; and Apc, Pten and Kras. MEK inhibition was effective in the combinatorial Apc and Kras setting, but had no impact in either Apc Pten mutants or in Apc Pten Kras triple mutants. Furthermore, we describe the importance of scheduling for combination studies and show that although no additional benefit is gained in Apc Pten mice, combination of PI3K/mTOR and MAPK inhibition leads to an additive benefit in survival in Apc Kras mice and a synergistic increase in survival in Apc Pten Kras mice. This is the first study using robust colorectal cancer genetically engineered mouse models to support the validity of PI3K/mTOR and MEK inhibitors as tailored therapies for colorectal cancer and highlight the potential importance of drug scheduling in the clinic. Mol Cancer Ther; 14(10); 2175–86. ©2015 AACR.

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