PDF file - 251K, Fig. 1S: Depiction of drug model for nanoparticle release and delayed transmembrane transport of self-assembling cis-platinum nanoparticles (SACNs) and free cisplatin in an acidic environment. Fig. 2S: Flowchart showing the computational algorithm used to fit parameters in the mathematical model. Fig. 3S: (Data points) The release profile of cisplatin nanoparticles was evaluated at 37 degrees C in neutral and acidic (tumor like) pH in triplicates.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTNanomedicines that preferentially deploy cytotoxic agents to tumors and molecular targeted therapeutics that inhibit specific aberrant oncogenic drivers are emerging as the new paradigm for the management of cancer. While combination therapies are a mainstay of cancer chemotherapy, few studies have addressed the combination of nanomedicines and molecular targeted therapeutics. Furthermore, limited knowledge exists on the impact of sequencing of such therapeutics and nanomedicines on the antitumor outcome. Here, we engineered a supramolecular cis-platinum nanoparticle, which induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells but also elicited prosurvival signaling via an EGF receptor/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway. A combination of mathematical modeling and in vitro and in vivo validation using a pharmacologic inhibitor of PI3K, PI828, demonstrate that administration of PI828 following treatment with the supramolecular cis-platinum nanoparticle results in enhanced antitumor efficacy in breast cancer as compared with when the sequence is reversed or when the two treatments are administered simultaneously. This study addresses, for the first time, the impact of drug sequencing in the case of a combination of a nanomedicine and a targeted therapeutic. Furthermore, our results indicate that a rational combination of cis-platinum nanoparticles and a PI3K-targeted therapeutic can emerge as a potential therapy for breast cancer. Cancer Res; 74(3); 675–85. ©2013 AACR.