American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Methods, Figure Legend from Extracellular Vesicles Modulate the Glioblastoma Microenvironment via a Tumor Suppression Signaling Network Directed by miR-1

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posted on 2023-03-30, 22:25 authored by Agnieszka Bronisz, Yan Wang, Michal O. Nowicki, Pierpaolo Peruzzi, Khairul I. Ansari, Daisuke Ogawa, Leonora Balaj, Gianluca De Rienzo, Marco Mineo, Ichiro Nakano, Michael C. Ostrowski, Fred Hochberg, Ralph Weissleder, Sean E. Lawler, E. Antonio Chiocca, Jakub Godlewski

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Extracellular vesicles have emerged as important mediators of intercellular communication in cancer, including by conveying tumor-promoting microRNAs between cells, but their regulation is poorly understood. In this study, we report the findings of a comparative microRNA profiling and functional analysis in human glioblastoma that identifies miR-1 as an orchestrator of extracellular vesicle function and glioblastoma growth and invasion. Ectopic expression of miR-1 in glioblastoma cells blocked in vivo growth, neovascularization, and invasiveness. These effects were associated with a role for miR-1 in intercellular communication in the microenvironment mediated by extracellular vesicles released by cancer stem–like glioblastoma cells. An extracellular vesicle–dependent phenotype defined by glioblastoma invasion, neurosphere growth, and endothelial tube formation was mitigated by loading miR-1 into glioblastoma-derived extracellular vesicles. Protein cargo in extracellular vesicles was characterized to learn how miR-1 directed extracellular vesicle function. The mRNA encoding Annexin A2 (ANXA2), one of the most abundant proteins in glioblastoma-derived extracellular vesicles, was found to be a direct target of miR-1 control. In addition, extracellular vesicle–derived miR-1 along with other ANXA2 extracellular vesicle networking partners targeted multiple pro-oncogenic signals in cells within the glioblastoma microenvironment. Together, our results showed how extracellular vesicle signaling promotes the malignant character of glioblastoma and how ectopic expression of miR-1 can mitigate this character, with possible implications for how to develop a unique miRNA-based therapy for glioblastoma management. Cancer Res; 74(3); 738–50. ©2013 AACR.