American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Methods, Figure 1, Tables 1-2 from miR-22 Promotes HBV-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in Males

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 16:20 authored by Runqiu Jiang, Lei Deng, Liang Zhao, Xiangcheng Li, Feng Zhang, Yongxiang Xia, Yun Gao, Xuehao Wang, Beicheng Sun

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Purpose: Previous reports have shown that IL-1α–MyD88–IL-6 signaling is essential in promoting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development in a diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced mouse model. We aimed to determine whether interleukin (IL)-1α regulates HCC development in humans.Methods: HBV-associated HCC tissue, corresponding adjacent tissue, and normal tissue samples were obtained from 80 male and 36 female patients. IL-1α, ERα, IL-6, and MyD88 were quantified by using real-time PCR and Western blot. Stem-loop PCR was used to quantify miR-22 expression. Luciferase reporter assays were used to study transcriptional regulation.Results: IL-1α was highly expressed in male tumor adjacent tissue compared with normal tissue (P = 0.025); however, this was not the case for female subjects. A linear relationship was observed between increased IL-1α and decreased ERα expression in male tumor adjacent tissue (r = −0.616, P = 0.004). Our results also indicated that estrogen (E2) was suppressed upon IL-1α secretion in ERα-overexpressed HCC cells. We detected high expression of miR-22 in male tumor adjacent tissue compared with controls (P = 0.027); furthermore, we showed that miR-22 downregulates ERα transcription by targeting the 3′-untranslated region. In the DEN-induced model, IL-1α was highly expressed in sprouting tumors and gradually decreased in conjunction with HCC development.Conclusion: Overexpression of miR-22 in male tumor adjacent tissue was associated with downregulated ERα expression, potentially by attenuating the protective effect of estrogen and causing increased IL-1α expression. These results may explain the high incidence of HBV-associated HCC in the male population. Clin Cancer Res; 17(17); 5593–603. ©2011 AACR.

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