American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr170743-sup-180524_2_supp_4073058_zqzztz.pdf (833.5 kB)

Supplementary Materials from Relationship of the Breast Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Immune Microenvironment with Clinicopathological and Genetic Features

Download (833.5 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 20:03 authored by Shona Hendry, Jia-Min B. Pang, David J. Byrne, Sunil R. Lakhani, Margaret C. Cummings, Ian G. Campbell, G. Bruce Mann, Kylie L. Gorringe, Stephen B. Fox

Figures S1 and S2, Tables S1 and S2 Supplementary Information Supplementary Table 1. DCIS cases assessed for tumour lymphocytes Supplementary Table 2. DCIS cases assessed for PD-L1 protein expression Supplementary Figure 1. Cohort summary Supplementary Figure 2. TILs in DCIS cases comparing primary with recurrence tumours.


Victorian Cancer Agency

National Health and Medical Research Council



Purpose: The immune microenvironment of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has yet to be fully explored, and the relationship of immune cells to genetic features of DCIS is unknown.Experimental Design: We quantified tumor associated lymphocytes (TIL) and evaluated PD-L1 protein levels by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of pure DCIS (138 and 79 cases, respectively), some of which had copy number (n = 55) and mutation data (n = 20).Results: TILs were identified in the stroma surrounding DCIS (119/138, 86%) and present at a median TIL score of 5% (range, 0%–90%). Most DCIS were negative for tumor cell PD-L1 staining (89%), but 25% of cases were positive for immune cell staining. We observed that, as in invasive breast cancer, TILs and PD-L1 positivity were significantly greater in high-grade (P = 0.002/0.035), ER-negative (P = 0.02/0.02), and ERBB2-amplified tumors (P < 0.001/0.048). Comedo necrosis was significantly positively associated with TILs (P < 0.0001) but not with PD-L1. The TILs score was significantly higher in cases with TP53 mutation (P = 0.03) but not with PIK3CA or GATA3 mutation. In the cases with copy number data, both the fraction of the genome altered and the number of telomeric imbalances were significantly positively correlated with TILs (both P < 0.001). This result strongly contrasted with invasive breast cancer data, where aneuploidy was not correlated to TIL levels.Conclusions: Although a small cohort, our data suggest a preliminary model by which the progression of DCIS to invasive carcinoma may involve an altered relationship of tumor copy number with the immune microenvironment, possibly by the immunoediting of the tumor. Clin Cancer Res; 23(17); 5210–7. ©2017 AACR.