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Supplementary Materials from Induction Chemotherapy plus Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Endemic Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Individual Patient Data Pooled Analysis of Four Randomized Trials

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posted on 2023-03-31, 19:46 authored by Yu-Pei Chen, Ling-Long Tang, Qi Yang, Sharon-Shuxian Poh, Edwin P. Hui, Anthony T.C. Chan, Whee-Sze Ong, Terence Tan, Joseph Wee, Wen-Fei Li, Lei Chen, Brigette B.Y. Ma, Macy Tong, Sze-Huey Tan, Shie-Lee Cheah, Kam-Weng Fong, Kiattisa Sommat, Yoke Lim Soong, Ying Guo, Ai-Hua Lin, Ying Sun, Ming-Huang Hong, Su-Mei Cao, Ming-Yuan Chen, Jun Ma

Supplementary materials including supplementary figures and tables Supplementary Figure S1. Flowchart of randomized controlled trial selection. AC, adjuvant chemotherapy; CCRT, concurrent chemoradiotherapy; GZ, Guangzhou; HeCOG, Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group; IC, induction chemotherapy; NCCS, National Cancer Centre Singapore; NPC, nasopharyngeal carcinoma; PWH, Prince of Wales Hospital; RCT, randomized controlled trial Supplementary Figure S2. Forest plots for (A) progression-free survival and (B) overall survival. The estimated hazard ratio (HR) for each individual trial is indicated by the center of the square and the horizontal line gives the 95% confidence interval (CI). The closed diamonds show the overall HR and 95% CI. HR < 1 and 95% CI excluding 1 indicate improved survival for the experimental versus control arm. A fixed effect model was used. CCRT, concurrent chemoradiotherapy; GZ, Guangzhou; HeCOG, Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group; IC, induction chemotherapy; NCCS, National Cancer Centre Singapore; NPC, nasopharyngeal carcinoma; O-E, observed minus expected deaths or events; PWH, Prince of Wales Hospital. Supplementary Figure S3. Multiple treatment comparison network. Each treatment area is proportional to the cumulative number of patients (in parentheses). Solid lines between treatments represent direct comparisons. AC, adjuvant chemotherapy; CCRT, concurrent chemoradiotherapy; CEP, cisplatin, epirubicin and paclitaxel; GCP, gemcitabine, carboplatin and paclitaxel; IC, induction chemotherapy; PF, cisplatin and fluorouracil; PX, cisplatin and capecitabine; TP, docetaxel and cisplatin; TPF, TP and fluorouracil. Supplementary Table S1. Description of the Two Trials Included in the Supplementary Analysis Supplementary Table S2. Description of Patient Characteristics Supplementary Table S3. Disease Status and Pattern of FailureSupplementary Table S4. Compliance with Induction Chemotherapy and Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy Supplementary Table S5. Summary of Major Grade 3-4 Adverse Events*

Funding

National Science & Technology

Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province

National Key R&D Program of China

National Natural Science Foundation of China

Ministry of Education

Overseas Expertise Introduction Project for Discipline Innovation

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: Because of the uneven geographic distribution and small number of randomized trials available, the value of additional induction chemotherapy (IC) to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains controversial. This study performed an individual patient data (IPD) pooled analysis to better assess the precise role of IC + CCRT in locoregionally advanced NPC.Experimental Design: Four randomized trials in endemic areas were identified, representing 1,193 patients; updated IPD were obtained. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were the primary and secondary endpoints, respectively.Results: Median follow-up was 5.0 years. The HR for PFS was 0.70 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.56–0.86; P = 0.0009; 9.3% absolute benefit at 5 years] in favor of IC + CCRT versus CCRT alone. IC + CCRT also improved OS (HR = 0.75; 95% CI, 0.57–0.99; P = 0.04) and reduced distant failure (HR = 0.68; 95% CI, 0.51–0.90; P = 0.008). IC + CCRT had a tendency to improve locoregional control compared with CCRT alone (HR = 0.70; 95% CI, 0.48–1.01; P = 0.06). There was no heterogeneity between trials in any analysis. No interactions between patient characteristics and treatment effects on PFS or OS were found. After adding two supplementary trials to provide a more comprehensive overview, the conclusions remained valid and were strengthened. In a supplementary Bayesian network analysis, no statistically significant differences in survival between different IC regimens were detected.Conclusions: This IPD pooled analysis demonstrates the superiority of additional IC over CCRT alone in locoregionally advanced NPC, with the survival benefit mainly associated with improved distant control. Clin Cancer Res; 24(8); 1824–33. ©2018 AACR.

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