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Supplementary Materials and Methods from Multiple Roles of IL6 in Hepatic Injury, Steatosis, and Senescence Aggregate to Suppress Tumorigenesis

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posted on 2023-03-31, 04:21 authored by Anat Shriki, Tali Lanton, Amir Sonnenblick, Orr Levkovitch-Siany, Dana Eidelshtein, Rinat Abramovitch, Nofar Rosenberg, Orit Pappo, Sharona Elgavish, Yuval Nevo, Rifaat Safadi, Amnon Peled, Stefan Rose-John, Eithan Galun, Jonathan H. Axelrod

Supplemental Experimental Materials and Methods

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Israel Science Foundation

Israel Cancer Research Fund

ISF

ICORE

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

ERC

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) typically develops on a background of chronic hepatitis for which the proinflammatory cytokine IL6 is conventionally considered a crucial driving factor. Paradoxically, IL6 also acts as a hepatoprotective factor in chronic liver injury. Here we used the multidrug-resistant gene 2 knockout (Mdr2−/−) mouse model to elucidate potential roles of IL6 in chronic hepatitis–associated liver cancer. Long-term analysis of three separate IL6/Stat3 signaling–deficient Mdr2−/− strains revealed aggravated liver injury with increased dysplastic nodule formation and significantly accelerated tumorigenesis in all strains. Tumorigenesis in the IL6/Stat3-perturbed models was strongly associated with enhanced macrophage accumulation and hepatosteatosis, phenotypes of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), as well as with significant reductions in senescence and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) accompanied by increased hepatocyte proliferation. These findings reveal a crucial suppressive role for IL6/Stat3 signaling in chronic hepatitis–associated hepatocarcinogenesis by impeding protumorigenic NASH-associated phenotypes and by reinforcing the antitumorigenic effects of the SASP. These findings describe a context-dependent role of IL6 signaling in hepatocarcinogenesis and predict that increased IL6-neutralizing sgp130 levels in some patients with NASH may herald early HCC development.See related commentary by Huynh and Ernst, p. 4671

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