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Supplementary Materials and Methods from Enriching the Housing Environment for Mice Enhances Their NK Cell Antitumor Immunity via Sympathetic Nerve–Dependent Regulation of NKG2D and CCR5

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posted on 2023-03-31, 01:08 authored by Yanfang Song, Yu Gan, Qing Wang, Zihong Meng, Guohua Li, Yuling Shen, Yufeng Wu, Peiying Li, Ming Yao, Jianren Gu, Hong Tu

Supplementary Materials and Methods.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China

Chinese State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Mice housed in an enriched environment display a tumor-resistant phenotype due to eustress stimulation. However, the mechanisms underlying enriched environment–induced protection against cancers remain largely unexplained. In this study, we observed a significant antitumor effect induced by enriched environment in murine pancreatic cancer and lung cancer models. This effect remained intact in T/B lymphocyte-deficient Rag1−/− mice, but was nearly eliminated in natural killer (NK) cell–deficient Beige mice or in antibody-mediated NK-cell–depleted mice, suggesting a predominant role of NK cells in enriched environment–induced tumor inhibition. Exposure to enriched environment enhanced NK-cell activity against tumors and promoted tumoral infiltration of NK cells. Enriched environment increased the expression levels of CCR5 and NKG2D (KLRK1) in NK cells; blocking their function effectively blunted the enriched environment–induced enhancement of tumoral infiltration and cytotoxic activity of NK cells. Moreover, blockade of β-adrenergic signaling or chemical sympathectomy abolished the effects of enriched environment on NK cells and attenuated the antitumor effect of enriched environment. Taken together, our results provide new insight into the mechanism by which eustress exerts a beneficial effect against cancer. Cancer Res; 77(7); 1611–22. ©2017 AACR.

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