This file describes the binding assay details of surface plasmon resonance technology, ligand and receptor binding competition assays, western blot detection of DLL4 protein down-regulation, and the methods to measure total circulating soluble DLL4 and VEGF in cynomolgus monkey plasma.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTAntiangiogenic therapy is a clinically validated modality in cancer treatment. To date, all approved antiangiogenic drugs primarily inhibit the VEGF pathway. Delta-like ligand 4 (DLL4) has been identified as a potential drug target in VEGF-independent angiogenesis and tumor-initiating cell (TIC) survival. A dual-specific biologic targeting both VEGF and DLL4 could be an attractive strategy to improve the effectiveness of anti-VEGF therapy. ABT-165 was uniquely engineered using a proprietary dual-variable domain immunoglobulin (DVD-Ig) technology based on its ability to bind and inhibit both DLL4 and VEGF. In vivo, ABT-165 induced significant tumor growth inhibition compared with either parental antibody treatment alone, due, in part, to the disruption of functional tumor vasculature. In combination with chemotherapy agents, ABT-165 also induced greater antitumor response and outperformed anti-VEGF treatment. ABT-165 displayed nonlinear pharmacokinetic profiles in cynomolgus monkeys, with an apparent terminal half-life > 5 days at a target saturation dose. In a GLP monkey toxicity study, ABT-165 was well-tolerated at doses up to 200 mg/kg with non-adverse treatment–related histopathology findings limited to the liver and thymus. In summary, ABT-165 represents a novel antiangiogenic strategy that potently inhibits both DLL4 and VEGF, demonstrating favorable in vivo efficacy, pharmacokinetic, and safety profiles in preclinical models. Given these preclinical attributes, ABT-165 has progressed to a phase I study. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(5); 1039–50. ©2018 AACR.