American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can131191-sup-can-13-1191_materials_and_methods_and_figure_legends_and_figures.pdf (511.25 kB)

Supplementary Materials and Methods and Figure Legends and Figures from Combination of Antibody That Inhibits Ligand-Independent HER3 Dimerization and a p110α Inhibitor Potently Blocks PI3K Signaling and Growth of HER2+ Breast Cancers

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 21:47 authored by Joan T. Garrett, Cammie R. Sutton, Richard Kurupi, Carl Uli Bialucha, Seth A. Ettenberg, Scott D. Collins, Qing Sheng, Jerry Wallweber, Lisa DeFazio-Eli, Carlos L. Arteaga

PDF file, 511K, Supplementary Figure 1. LJM716 and p110alpha inhibitor synergistically inhibit tumor cell growth. Supplementary Figure 2. HER3 antibody sensitizes cells to PI3Kalpha inhibitor in colony forming assays. Supplementary Figure 3. HER3 antibody sensitizes cells to PI3Kalpha inhibitor in three-dimensional growth assays. Supplementary Figure 4. LJM716, BYL719, or the combination of the two significantly reduce S473 P-AKT levels in vivo.



We examined the effects of LJM716, an HER3 (ERBB3) neutralizing antibody that inhibits ligand-induced and ligand-independent HER3 dimerization, as a single agent and in combination with BYL719, an ATP competitive p110α-specific inhibitor, against HER2-overexpressing breast and gastric cancers. Treatment with LJM716 reduced HER2-HER3 and HER3-p85 dimers, P-HER3 and P-AKT, both in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with LJM716 alone markedly reduced growth of BT474 xenografts. The combination of LJM716/lapatinib/trastuzumab significantly improved survival of mice with BT474 xenografts compared with lapatinib/trastuzumab (P = 0.0012). LJM716 and BYL719 synergistically inhibited growth in a panel of HER2+ and PIK3CA mutant cell lines. The combination also inhibited P-AKT in HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells and growth of HER2+ NCI-N87 gastric cancer xenografts more potently than LJM716 or BYL719 alone. Trastuzumab-resistant HER2+/PIK3CA mutant MDA453 xenografts regressed completely after 3 weeks of therapy with LJM716 and BYL719, whereas either single agent inhibited growth only partially. Finally, mice with BT474 xenografts treated with trastuzumab/LJM716, trastuzumab/BYL719, LJM716/BYL719, or trastuzumab/LJM716/BYL719 exhibited similar rates of tumor regression after 3 weeks of treatment. Thirty weeks after treatment discontinuation, 14% of mice were treated with trastuzumab/LJM716/BYL719, whereas >80% in all other treatment groups were sacrificed due to a recurrent large tumor burden (P = 0.0066). These data suggest that dual blockade of the HER2 signaling network with an HER3 antibody that inhibits HER2-HER3 dimers in combination with a p110α-specific inhibitor in the absence of a direct HER2 antagonist is an effective treatment approach against HER2-overexpressing cancers. Cancer Res; 73(19); 6013–23. ©2013 AACR.

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