American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct080295-sup-mct-08-0295--suppl_materials.pdf (70.6 kB)

Supplementary Material from Engineered anti-CD70 antibody-drug conjugate with increased therapeutic index

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posted on 2023-03-31, 23:23 authored by Charlotte F. McDonagh, Kristine M. Kim, Eileen Turcott, Lindsay L. Brown, Lori Westendorf, Tiffany Feist, Django Sussman, Ivan Stone, Martha Anderson, Jamie Miyamoto, Robert Lyon, Stephen C. Alley, Hans-Peter Gerber, Paul J. Carter
Supplementary Material from Engineered anti-CD70 antibody-drug conjugate with increased therapeutic index



An anti-CD70 antibody conjugated to monomethylauristatin F (MMAF) via a valine-citrulline dipeptide containing linker has been shown previously to have potent antitumor activity in renal cell cancer xenograft studies. Here, we generated a panel of humanized anti-CD70 antibody IgG variants and conjugated them to MMAF to study the effect of isotype (IgG1, IgG2, and IgG4) and Fcγ receptor binding on antibody-drug conjugate properties. All IgG variants bound CD70+ 786-O cells with an apparent affinity of ∼1 nmol/L, and drug conjugation did not impair antigen binding. The parent anti-CD70 IgG1 bound to human FcγRI and FcγRIIIA V158 and mouse FcγRIV and this binding was not impaired by drug conjugation. In contrast, binding to these Fcγ receptors was greatly reduced or abolished in the variant, IgG1v1, containing the previously described mutations, E233P:L234V:L235A. All conjugates had potent cytotoxic activity against six different antigen-positive cancer cell lines in vitro with IC50 values of 30 to 540 pmol/L. The IgGv1 conjugate with MMAF displayed improved antitumor activity compared with other conjugates in 786-O and UMRC3 models of renal cell cancer and in the DBTRG05-MG glioblastoma model. All conjugates were tolerated to ≥40 mg/kg in mice. Thus, the IgG1v1 MMAF conjugate has an increased therapeutic index compared with the parent IgG1 conjugate. The improved antitumor activity of the IgG1v1 auristatin conjugates may relate to increased exposure as suggested by pharmacokinetic analysis. The strategy used here for enhancing the therapeutic index of antibody-drug conjugates is independent of the antigen-binding variable domains and potentially applicable to other antibodies. [Mol Cancer Ther 2008;7(9):2913–23]

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