Supplementary Material from A Secondary Mutation in BRAF Confers Resistance to RAF Inhibition in a BRAFV600E-Mutant Brain Tumor
Supplementary Figure S1: Representative H&E, phospho-ERK and FISH images of pre-dabrafenib (3) and post-dabrafenib (4) tumors. Supplementary Figure S2: WES analysis of copy number variation in pre- and postdabrafenib tumors. Supplementary Figure S3: Whole copy number profiles from WES of pre- and posttreatment tumors. Supplementary Figure S4: Homology alignment of BRAF p. L514 with residues in other tyrosine kinases. Supplementary Figure S5: Relative frequency of BRAF variant alleles in SK-BT-DR cells determined by individual clone sequencing. Supplementary Figure S6: BRAF V600E/L514V reduces dabrafenib sensitivity in NIH- 3T3 cells, related to Figure 2. Supplementary Figure S7: BRAF V600E/L514V confers biochemical resistance to dabrafenib over a time course, related to Figure 2G. Supplementary Figure S8: Comparison of IC50, IC75 and IC90 of dabrafenib against A375 cells expressing BRAF V600E and BRAF V600E/L514V, related to Figure 2H. Supplementary Figure S9: The BRAF V600E/L514V double mutant promotes homodimerization, related to Figure 3A and B. Supplementary Figure S10: BRAF L514V alone is hypoactive and associated with decreased ERK signaling that is not sensitive to dabrafenib. Supplementary Figure S11: BRAF V600E/L514V is inhibited by dabrafenib in a purified kinase assay, indicating that it is not a gatekeeper mutation. Supplementary Figure S12: Quantitation of p-MEK and p-ERK immunoblots, related to Figure 4B. Supplementary Figure S13: Comparison of IC50, IC75 and IC90 of trametinib against A375 expressing BRAF V600E and BRAF V600E/L514V, related to Figure 4C. Supplementary Figure S14: The BRAF V600E/L514V mutant mediates resistance to dabrafenib that cannot be completely overcome by trametinib or dabrafenib plus trametinib, related to Figure 4D. Supplementary Figure S15: V5, p-MEK, total MEK immunoblots, and quantitation of p-ERK immunoblots, related to Figure 5A. Supplementary Figure S16: Novel RAF dimer inhibitors, MEK inhibitor and ERK inhibitor equipotently inhibit cell growth in BRAF V600E and V600E/L514V expressing cells. Supplementary Figure S17: Novel RAF dimer inhibitor, MEK inhibitor and ERK inhibitor equipotently inhibit ERK signaling in BRAF V600E and V600E/L514V expressing cells. Supplementary Figure S18: BGB3245 binds mutant BRAF V600E monomer and second site of V600E/L514V dimer with similar affinity. Supplementary Table S1: Mutations identified by WES of pre-dabrafenib and postdabrafenib tumors. Supplementary Table S2: Secondary mutations associated with acquired resistance and occurring in residues homologous with L514 in BRAF. Supplementary Table S3: BRAF L514V allele frequency determined by ddPCR.