American Association for Cancer Research
Browse
00085472can082457-sup-sfig_legs_1-5.pdf (12.93 kB)

Supplementary Legends for Figures 1-5 from E-Cadherin Deficiency Initiates Gastric Signet-Ring Cell Carcinoma in Mice and Man

Download (12.93 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 19:03 authored by Bostjan Humar, Vanessa Blair, Amanda Charlton, Helen More, Iain Martin, Parry Guilford
Supplementary Legends for Figures 1-5 from E-Cadherin Deficiency Initiates Gastric Signet-Ring Cell Carcinoma in Mice and Man

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The importance of loss of the cell-cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin (encoded by CDH1) to tumor progression is well established. However, CDH1 germ-line mutations predispose to the cancer susceptibility syndrome hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC), suggesting a role for E-cadherin in tumor initiation. The earliest indications of cancer in the stomachs of CDH1 mutation carriers are microscopic foci of intramucosal signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC; designated “eHDGC”). Here, we used N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) to promote gastric carcinogenesis in wild-type (wt) and cdh1+/− mice. MNU induced a variety of gastric tumors; however, intramucosal SRCC developed with an 11 times higher incidence in cdh1+/− mice compared with wt mice. The murine SRCC resembled the human eHDGCs in that they were hypoproliferative, lacked nuclear β-catenin accumulation, and had reduced membrane localization of E-cadherin and its interacting junctional proteins. The down-regulation of E-cadherin in the murine SRCCs confirmed the importance of the second CDH1 hit to the initiation of diffuse gastric cancer. CDH1 promoter hypermethylation has been proposed to be a major second hit in advanced HDGC; however, its contribution to eHDGC was unknown. We thus examined a series of human eHDGC and detected CDH1 promoter methylation in 50% of foci. Promoter methylation was accompanied by reduced wt CDH1 mRNA levels in the foci and had a monoclonal pattern, consistent with an epigenetic initiation of disease. Together, these findings provide compelling evidence for a deficiency in cell-to-cell adhesion being sufficient to initiate diffuse gastric cancer in the absence of hyperproliferation and β-catenin activation. [Cancer Res 2009;69(5):2050–6]