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00085472can071441-sup-suppl_figs_legends_1-6.pdf (78.33 kB)

Supplementary Legends 1-6 from Suppression of Proximal T Cell Receptor Signaling and Lytic Function in CD8+ Tumor-Infiltrating T Cells

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posted on 2023-03-30, 17:47 authored by Ngozi Monu, Alan B. Frey
Supplementary Legends 1-6 from Suppression of Proximal T Cell Receptor Signaling and Lytic Function in CD8+ Tumor-Infiltrating T Cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) lack in vivo and in vitro lytic function due to a signaling deficit characterized by failure to flux calcium or activate tyrosine kinase activity upon contact with cognate tumor cells. Although CD3ζ is phosphorylated by conjugation in vitro with cognate tumor cells, showing that TIL are triggered, PLCγ-1, LAT, and ZAP70 are not activated and LFA-1 is not affinity-matured, and because p56lck is required for LFA-1 activation, this implies that the signaling blockade is very proximal. Here, we show that TIL signaling defects are transient, being reversed upon purification and brief culture in vitro, implying a fast-acting “switch”. Biochemical analysis of purified nonlytic TIL shows that contact with tumor cells causes transient activation of p56lck (∼10 s) which is rapidly inactivated. In contrast, tumor-induced activation of p56lck in lytic TIL is sustained coincident with downstream TCR signaling and lytic function. Shp-1 is robustly active in nonlytic TIL compared with lytic TIL, colocalizes with p56lck in nonlytic TIL, and inhibition of Shp-1 activity in lytic TIL in vitro blocks tumor-induced defective TIL cytolysis. Collectively, our data support the notion that contact of nonlytic TIL with tumor cells, and not with tumor-infiltrating myeloid-derived suppressor cells, causes activation of Shp-1 that rapidly dephosphorylates the p56lck activation motif (Y394), thus inhibiting effector phase functions. [Cancer Res 2007;67(23):11447–54]

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