journal contribution posted on 2023-03-31, 19:27 authored by Yukihiro Otaka, Susumu Rokudai, Kyoichi Kaira, Michiru Fujieda, Ikuko Horikoshi, Reika Iwakawa-Kawabata, Shinji Yoshiyama, Takehiko Yokobori, Yoichi Ohtaki, Kimihiro Shimizu, Tetsunari Oyama, Jun'ichi Tamura, Carol Prives, Masahiko Nishiyama
Supplementary Information and Supplementary Figures Legends
Promotion Plan for the Platform of Human Resource Development for Cancer
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan
Gunma University Initiative for Advanced Research (GIAR)
Yasuda Memorial Medical Foundation
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: Expression of the ΔN isoform of p63 (ΔNp63) is a diagnostic marker highly specific for lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We previously found that Syntaxin Binding Protein 4 (STXBP4) regulates ΔNp63 ubiquitination, suggesting that STXBP4 may also be an SCC biomarker. To address this issue, we investigated the role of STXBP4 expression in SCC biology and the impact of STXBP4 expression on SCC prognosis.Experimental Design: We carried out a clinicopathologic analysis of STXBP4 expression in 87 lung SCC patients. Whole transcriptome analysis using RNA-seq was performed in STXBP4-positive and STXBP4-negative tumors of lung SCC. Soft-agar assay and xenograft assay were performed using overexpressing or knockdown SCC cells.Results: Significantly higher levels of STXBP4 expression were correlated with accumulations of ΔNp63 in clinical lung SCC specimens (Spearman rank correlation ρ = 0.219). Notably, STXBP4-positive tumors correlated with three important clinical parameters: T factor (P < 0.001), disease stage (P = 0.030), and pleural involvement (P = 0.028). Whole transcriptome sequencing followed by pathway analysis indicated that STXBP4 is involved in functional gene networks that regulate cell growth, proliferation, cell death, and survival in cancer. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) was a key downstream mediator of STXBP4 function. In line with this, shRNA mediated STXBP4 and PDGFRA knockdown suppressed tumor growth in soft-agar and xenograft assays.Conclusions: STXBP4 plays a crucial role in driving SCC growth and is an independent prognostic factor for predicting worse outcome in lung SCC. These data suggest that STXBP4 is a relevant therapeutic target for patients with lung SCC. Clin Cancer Res; 23(13); 3442–52. ©2017 AACR.